Beware Divorce can shorten lifespan

first_imgLower life satisfaction among divorced people can lead to lower physical activity and increased smoking — two factors associated with early death, new research reveals. Divorced participants were more likely than married participants to smoke and, as a result, had poorer lung function, which predicted early mortality, the study found.”We were trying to fill in the gap of evidence linking marital status and early mortality,” said lead author Kyle Bourassa from University of Arizona in the US. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe findings are based on data from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging, a long-term health study of adults over age 50 living in Great Britain. The study includes seven waves of data, collected from participants every two years beginning in 2002.The study, published in the journal Annals of Behavioral Medicine, included data from 5,786 participants out of which 926 people were divorced, separated or had not remarried. The rest of the sample group comprised of married participants. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe participants self reported their life satisfaction, exercise frequency and smoking status. Their lung function and levels of inflammation was also examined. After tracking the deaths among the participants during the study, the researchers found that divorced or separated population had a 46 per cent greater risk of dying than their still-married counterparts.The results also showed that divorced or separated women participants had further lower life satisfaction than married participants. “While the study didn’t explicitly examine why divorce seems to be associated with greater likelihood of smoking and lower levels of exercise, one possible explanation, supported by existing research, is that divorced individuals no longer have spouses holding them accountable for their health behaviours,” Bourassa said.”If you imagine a husband or wife who doesn’t smoke and their partner does, one might try to influence the other’s behavior. In many ways, when relationships end, we lose that important social control of our health behaviors,” Bourassa explained.It is important to note that divorce doesn’t always lead to negative health outcomes. Quality of life, for example, can significantly improve for individuals who have ended unhealthy relationships.Still, since divorce overall continues to be linked to poorer health, knowing that smoking and exercise may be part of the explanation could help inform interventions for those who’ve gone through a separation, Bourassa said.last_img read more

Russian government blocks ProtonMail services for its citizens

first_imgYesterday, ProtonMail, reported that the Russian government has blocked Russian citizens from sending any messages to the encrypted email provider. This block was issued by the Federal Security Service via a secret letter dated 25 February. According to the letter, the Russian intelligence agency ordered two of the largest Internet service providers in Russia, MTS and Rostelecom, to block traffic from Russia going to our mail servers, thus preventing Russian mail servers from communicating with ProtonMail. On Monday, March 11, a firm called TechMedia obtained a copy of the letter and published it on the Russian tech blogging platform, Habr. The blog also accused ProtonMail and several other email companies of facilitating fake bomb threats. During late January, the Russian police received several anonymous bomb threats via email, which led to a forced evacuation of government buildings schools, rail stations, shopping centers, and offices. A total of 26 IP addresses were blocked after the order was issued. This also included servers used to scramble the final connection for Tor users. “Internet providers were told to implement the block “immediately,” using a technique known as BGP blackholing, a way that tells internet routers to simply throw away internet traffic rather than routing it to its destination”, TechCrunch reports. ProtonMail chief executive Andy Yen, said, “ProtonMail is not blocked in the normal way, it’s actually a bit more subtle. They are blocking access to ProtonMail mail servers. So Mail.ru — and most other Russian mail servers — for example, is no longer able to deliver email to ProtonMail, but a Russian user has no problem getting to their inbox.” The two ProtonMail servers listed by the order are its back-end mail delivery servers, rather than the front-end website that runs on a different system. Yen said, “The wholesale blocking of ProtonMail in a way that hurts all Russian citizens who want greater online security seems like a poor approach”. He further added, “We have also implemented technical measures to ensure continued service for our users in Russia and we have been making good progress in this regard. If there is indeed a legitimate legal complaint, we encourage the Russian government to reconsider their position and solve problems by following established international law and legal procedures.” According to the ProtonMail blog, “Due to the timing of the block, some ProtonMail users in Russia suspect that the block may be related to the mass protests this past weekend in Russia where 15,000 people took to the streets to protest for more online freedom.” Meanwhile, ProtonMail has listed down a few recommendations for its Russians users, which include: 1) Using a VPN service as this allows most blocks to be circumvented. All ProtonMail users also have access to ProtonVPN, a free VPN service that the email provider operates on. 2) Encouraging other contacts to use ProtonMail. The blocks attempted by the Russian government do not and cannot impact communications between ProtonMail accounts in Russia. 3) Complain to MTS and Rostelecom. According to ProtonMail, if enough people complain, these ISPs and the Russian government may reconsider their approach. One of the users wrote on HackerNews, “This situation really pissed me off. FSB (Russian FBI) had problems with receiving bomb threats coming from Protonmail addresses. So, they secretly ordered (with an almost classified order) major ISPs to block Protonmail bypassing Russian’s existing website/IP addresses blocking scheme.” To know more about this news in detail, visit ProtonMail’s official blog post. Read Next ProtonMail shares guidelines to help organizations achieve EU GDPR compliance Hackers claim to have compromised ProtonMail, but ProtonMail calls it ‘a hoax and failed extortion attempt’ A security researcher reveals his discovery on 800+ Million leaked Emails available onlinelast_img read more

Fastly open sources Lucet a native WebAssembly compiler and runtime

first_imgYesterday, Fastly, a US-based cloud computing service provider, open-sourced its native WebAssembly compiler and runtime, Lucet. Lucet is built on top of Cranelift, Mozilla’s low-level retargetable code generator. It already powers Fastly’s Terrarium project, their experimental platform for edge computation using WebAssembly, and now it is coming to their edge cloud platform as well. How does Lucet work? Lucet delegates the responsibility of executing WebAssembly programs into two components: compiler and runtime. The compiler compiles WebAssembly modules to native code and the runtime manages resources and traps runtime faults. As it uses ahead-of-time compilation strategy, it simplifies the design and overhead of the runtime compared to just-in-time (JIT) compilation that browser engines use. What are its advantages? Faster and safer execution of WebAssembly programs WebAssembly allows web browsers to safely execute programs with near-native performance. It is supported by some of the most commonly used browsers including Google, Mozilla, and Safari. With Lucet, Fastly aims to take WebAssembly “beyond the browser” by providing users a platform for faster and safer execution of programs on Fastly’s edge cloud. More languages to choose from Since WebAssembly is supported by an impressive list of programming languages including Rust, TypeScript, C, and C++, Lucet users will be able to work with the language they prefer. They do not have to be restricted to Fastly’s Varnish Configuration Language (VCL). Simultaneous execution of programs The Lucet compiler and runtime ensure that each WebAssembly program is allocated its own resources. This enables Fastly’s edge cloud to simultaneously execute a large number of WebAssembly programs without compromising on security. Supports WebAssembly System Interface (WASI) Lucet supports WASI, an API that provides access to various operating-system-like features. These include files and filesystems, Berkeley sockets, clocks, and random numbers. At the moment, Lucet supports running WebAssembly programs written in C, Rust, and AssemblyScript and its runtime only support x86-64 based Linux systems. To read the official announcement, visit Fastly’s official website. Read Next Introducing CT-Wasm, a type-driven extension to WebAssembly for secure, in-browser cryptography Creating and loading a WebAssembly module with Emscripten’s glue code [Tutorial] The elements of WebAssembly – Wat and Wasm, explained [Tutorial]last_img read more