SVHC honors employees with 2017 Putnam Awards

first_imgVermont Business Magazine Southwestern Vermont Health Care (SVHC) leaders and staff gathered Wednesday, October 18 at the Mount Anthony Country Club to honor employees for their service to the organization’s mission. One award every year is presented for each of the organization’s five core values: quality, empathy, safety, teamwork, and stewardship. The employees who received the awards are noted standard bearers and role models within the organization.“We achieve remarkable success through the hard work and dedication of employees who come to work each day with our mission in mind,” said Thomas A. Dee, FACHE, SVHC’s president and CEO. “Our Putnam Awards honorees live our mission of exceptional care and comfort and help set SVHC apart as one of the best health systems in New England.”The 2017 Putnam Award Honorees are: (Click the linked name for a high-resolution image.)Quality: Bentley Munsell(link is external), ED technician, Emergency DepartmentEmpathy: Virginia Ritchie(link is external), administrative assistant, Medical Staff OfficeDr. Richard Guerrero Patient Safety Award: Elizabeth Bessette, RN(link is external), Medical SurgicalTeamwork: Christopher Callanan(link is external), Café cook, Nutrition and Dining ServicesStewardship: Ron Keefer(link is external), buyer, Materials ManagementThe evening also honored those celebrating employment anniversaries. Many were honored for 10, 20, and 30 years of employment with SVHC. Fourteen employees were noted for 40 or more years of service, and Christine Bacon, who works in the lab, was honored for 52 years of service. Altogether, the group represented more than 1,400 years with the organization.About:Southwestern Vermont Health Care (SVHC) is a comprehensive, preeminent health care system providing exceptional, convenient, and affordable care to the communities of Bennington and Windham Counties of Vermont, eastern Rensselaer and Washington Counties of New York, and northern Berkshire County in Massachusetts. SVHC’s providers are members of the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Putnam Physicians, a multispecialty medical group operated in partnership with Dartmouth-Hitchcock. SVHC includes the Centers for Living and Rehabilitation, a 150-bed long- and short-term care skilled nursing facility; the SVHC Foundation; and Southwestern Vermont Medical Center (SVMC), which includes 19 primary and specialty care practices. Primary care offices are located in Bennington, Manchester, Pownal, and Wilmington. To learn more, visit svhealthcare.org(link is external). Source: BENNINGTON, VT—Southwestern Vermont Health Care 12.20.2017last_img read more

Inaugural St Lucia Triathlon hailed a success

first_imgThe first St Lucia Triathlon took place in the Caribbean last weekend as around 150 international and local triathletes raced at the beautiful Landings resort on the island. The triathlon attracted competitors from the UK, USA, Martinique, Trinidad and Tobago and elsewhere in the Caribbean – with athletes racing over various distances.The event also included a kid’s triathlon and aquathlon, which attracted a host of local kids, many of whom are coached by St Lucian Olympic swimmer and Race Director Jamie Peterkin.The St Lucia Triathlon course included a swim in the beautiful clear waters of Rodney Bay, a tough hilly bike ride and finally a flat run to Pigeon Island and back. Event distances included:The Dagger: 200m swim, 6.6K bike, 2.5K runThe Pistol: 750m swim, 13.2K bike, 5K runThe Cutlass: 1500m swim, 26.4K bike, 10K runFor the Children’s events there was a 100m swim, an 800m bike and an 800m run as their challenge.There were also a number of adult relay teams that competed across all distances and there were also 35 kids who took part in a children’s triathlon and aquathlon. The kids’ events in particular created a fantastic atmosphere as parents and lots of locals gathered to cheer on the youngest triathletes.The main event triathlon, which took place on Saturday 23 November 2013 in the tranquil surroundings of Rodney Bay and the picturesque Pigeon Island, was ‘fully powered’ by the telecommunications company Digicel, a key sponsor of the event.As well as event ambassador and Double Gold Olympic champion Daley Thompson, the St Lucia Triathlon attracted a number of dignitaries including Her Excellency Dame Pearl Louisy; Minister for Tourism Lorne Theophilus; and also Louis Lewis (Director of Tourism for the island) who took part in the triathlon.Human Race was also thrilled to welcome IOC member and St Lucian, Richard Peterkin; and prize winners were delighted to receive their prizes from the event’s special guests.Event ambassador Daley Thompson said “I am delighted to be involved with the first annual St Lucia Triathlon which has been a phenomenal success. All the athletes had a fantastic time and enjoyed competing in such a stunning location and I look forward to being involved in the triathlon for many years to come.”The St Lucia Triathlon, which was the brain child of John Lunt of Human Race, alongside Adam Gobat and Daley Thompson, was the culmination of a week-long schedule of events. These included a 5K run, sea swim and aquathlon, as well as a boat trip and pre and post race parties.The St Lucia Triathlon is an annual event and will take place again on the beautiful Caribbean island in November 2014.www.tristlucia.com Relatedlast_img read more

Red Mass set for Tallahassee

first_img R ed Mass set for Tallahassee The Catholic Bishops of Florida will celebrate The Red Mass of the Holy Spirit at the Co-Cathedral of St. Thomas More on West Tennessee Street in Tallahassee on March 11 at 6 p.m.Mass participants will pray during the 2009 Legislative Session for divine inspiration and guidance for all those who serve in the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government and for members of the legal profession.Bishop Frank J. Dewane will deliver the homily. In past years, several hundred congregants, Catholic and non-Catholic, including leaders from all three branches of Florida state government, have been in attendance. The Mass is open to the public at no charge. A reception immediately follows at the Co-Cathedral Center.In Tallahassee, the Red Mass is scheduled annually during Catholic Days at the Capitol. Additional Red Masses are held throughout Florida and the U.S. at various times during the year. Red Mass set for Tallahassee March 1, 2009 Regular Newslast_img read more

FRP Committee supports PEC recommendations

first_img August 1, 2011 Regular News FRP Committee supports PEC recommendations The Bar’s Florida Registered Paralegal Committee has endorsed several recommendations made by the Board of Governors’ Program Evaluation Committee and approved by the board in May.The paralegal panel, which met during the Bar’s recent Annual Convention, liked the PECs recommendations, which would improve services for paralegals and raise their profile within the Bar.“I think the committee definitely was very happy to see the Board of Governors has recommended them,” said FRP Committee Chair Carin Gordon. “A lot of these are things the committee has been discussing and promoting for a while.”The PEC presented 11 recommendations to the governors at their May meeting, and the board approved all of them.Here are the board-approved PEC proposals that were reviewed by the committee:• The Bar’s online Career Center should be used as a resource for paralegals about job opportunities. The paralegal committee agreed and requested that a link to the Career Center should be included under the paralegal/legal assistant heading on the Bar’s homepage.• The Bar’s Annual Convention should be used as a way for paralegals to get low-cost CLE credits and as a venue for a paralegal reception. The paralegal committee endorsed the idea of having low-rate courses for paralegals and also suggested a discount registration cost should be considered. It also said that information about free courses on the Bar’s website and the availability of CLE DVDs should be added to paralegal FAQs on the website. As for a reception, the committee said paralegal organizations might sponsor such an event.• Links to various paralegal organizations, such as NALA and NFPA, should be included in the FRP home on the Bar’s website. The committee endorsed that idea, with members noting they had made that proposal before.The PEC also recommended that the FRP Committee review the CLE requirement for registered paralegals, which at 30 credits every three years is the same as for attorneys. The committee felt no change should be made in that standard.“I think their thought process was that we should reduce it [the CLE requirement], that it was too difficult for some people,” said committee member Karen McLead.“We were not in favor of that at all.”Gordon said the committee plans to review the recommendations again at its September meeting, adding, “We want to keep these as a focus of the committee and assist the Bar in moving these recommendations forward.”Other PEC suggestions approved by the board include making it easier to search for specific paralegals on the Bar’s website (similar to the Find-a-Lawyer function), improving knowledge about the FRP program for both lawyers and paralegals, and letting paralegals know about the benefits they qualify for under the Bar’s Members Benefits program.McLead said many of the recommendations from the PEC had been discussed by the FRP Committee earlier, but the panel had trouble getting them enacted.“Most of these we had made. As a whole, we were very in favor of it,” she said.Gordon said the board action will help the committee in its goal of “promoting the program and its benefits to paralegals and lawyers.”center_img FRP Committee supports PEC recommendationslast_img read more

Study on ‘going positive’ finds flattering rivals gains politicians more votes

first_imgShare on Twitter The study has interesting implications, particularly in light of the forthcoming US elections. Cavazza cites the example of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who praised and thanked his predecessor even though he was a member of the opposing party. “Usually, a new president or prime minister in the first years of his office attributes all the responsibility of problems to the predecessor!” she states. “Doing the opposite and with his positive style, Trudeau has achieved a very good reputation internationally.”Going forward, Cavazza is building on this research to explore the effects of directly flattering the audience. “I think that it is time for politicians to pay attention to ‘positive communication’ instead of becoming more and more verbally aggressive,” she says. Share on Facebook Email LinkedIncenter_img Focusing on the negative aspects of one’s political opponent has become the norm in election campaigns across the world. But a recent study by Nicoletta Cavazza published in Social Influence shows that it could be in politicians’ interests to pay more attention to positive campaigning. Cavazza found that when political candidates flatter their rivals, they are perceived to be more trustworthy and are therefore more likely to obtain votes.To find out whether a flattering comment directed at a political rival elicits a positive impression of the candidate and, consequently, whether this increases the likelihood of voting for the candidate, the participants (92 Italian university students) were given a written passage from a speech by a fictitious political candidate (a man or a woman) about the relationship between young people and politics. In the experimental condition, a positive statement about the candidate’s political opponent was inserted into the speech: ‘I believe that my competitor, who is an upright and smart person, will agree with me about the need to change this situation.’When the candidate flattered his/her rival, participants were more likely to perceive him/her as being trustworthy and were consequently more likely to vote for him/her. This was observed to be the case regardless of the candidate’s gender. Share Pinterestlast_img read more

Study: Leftists just as likely to be dogmatic authoritarians as those on the right

first_imgPinterest Share on Facebook LinkedIn Share on Twitter Conway and his colleagues developed a measure of left-wing authoritarianism, which was adapted from the right-wing authoritarianism scale developed by psychologist Bob Altemeyer.The RWA scale asks participants how much they agree with statements such as: “It’s always better to trust the judgment of the proper authorities in government and religion than to listen to the noisy rabble-rousers in our society who are trying to create doubts in people’s minds” and “Our country desperately needs a mighty leader who will do what has to be done to destroy the radical new ways and sinfulness that are ruining us.”The new LWA scale, on the other hand, asks questions such as: “It’s always better to trust the judgment of the proper authorities in science with respect to issues like global warming and evolution than to listen to the noisy rabble-rousers in our society who are trying to create doubts in people’s minds” and “Our country desperately needs a mighty leader who will do what has to be done to destroy the radical new ways and sinfulness that are ruining us.”Both scales were tested on a group of 475 undergraduates at the University of Montana and a group of 305 U.S. adults who were recruited online from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk.The researchers found that left-wing authoritarianism was associated with liberal views, dogmatism, and prejudice among both samples of participants, suggesting it is a valid concept.“Our data suggest that average Americans on the political left are just as likely to be dogmatic authoritarians as those on the political right. And those left-wing authoritarians can be just as prejudiced, dogmatic, and extremist as right-wing authoritarians,” Conway told PsyPost.However, the research does have some limitations.“Our two studies should be viewed as just an opening foray in what we hope to be a lot more research on the topic,” Conway explained. “We aren’t claiming definitively that left-wingers are just as likely as right-wingers to be authoritarian in all (or even most) contexts, or that left-wing authoritarians are just the same as right-wing authoritarians in every regard (in fact, I’m pretty sure they aren’t, and we’re doing some work on that).”“There are good reasons to think authoritarianism aligns more with right-wing than left-wing ideology, and we are interested in those reasons, too. The point is, it is a further question to better define the similarities and differences in right-wing and left-wing authoritarianism.”“Also, our data only cover a few topic areas that are relevant, and only very specific samples (college undergraduates, MTurk workers) of Americans. Thus, we certainly don’t claim these data to be all inclusive for all people at all times — but every search has to start somewhere, however small.”“I would like to encourage anyone interested in this topic to get involved — there are a lot of proverbial low-hanging fruit and we have already developed and published a viable LWA questionnaire for people to use,” Conway added. “It’s an exciting area to be involved in!”The study, “Finding the Loch Ness Monster: Left-Wing Authoritarianism in the United States“, was co-authored by Shannon C. Houck, Laura Janelle Gornick and Meredith A. Repke.center_img Email Share New research provides evidence that left-wing authoritarian attitudes exist in the United States. The preliminary findings, published in the scientific journal Political Psychology, suggest liberals could be just as likely to be authoritarians as conservatives.“Political ideology in general is one of the most important and predictive variables in human psychology,” said study author Lucian Gideon Conway, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Montana.“I became interested in left-wing authoritarianism in particular because some people have said it isn’t a very real or likely phenomenon — and yet I know people I would describe as left-wing authoritarians. So I was curious to figure that out.”last_img read more

Both men and women (wrongly) believe women wearing makeup are more interested in casual sex

first_imgPinterest Share A new study suggests that women’s makeup is perceived as a signal of greater interest in casual sex. But the research found evidence that this was actually a “false signal.”The study, which was published in Personality and Individual Differences, examined the relationship between women’s makeup use and sociosexuality.People with an unrestricted sociosexual orientation are more comfortable with casual sex with different partners. Those with a restricted sociosexual orientation, on the other hand, prefer to have sex with a partner in a long-term, serious relationship. Share on Twitter LinkedIncenter_img Share on Facebook Email In an initial study, 182 people viewed photographs of 69 young adult women of European descent with varying levels of makeup. The more makeup the women were wearing, the more they were perceived as being attractive and sexually unrestricted by both male and female participants.The researchers then surveyed the 69 women regarding their actual use of makeup and their sociosexual orientation. They found no association between the women’s sociosexual orientation and time spent on makeup or money spent on makeup. In other words, the women’s self-reported sociosexuality was unrelated to their makeup habits.“This indicates that makeup is perceived to be a signal of greater unrestricted sociosexuality in women. Our findings, however, also show that this association is not a valid cue of women’s sociosexuality, as we found no systematic connection between women’s cosmetic use and their actual sociosexuality,” the authors of the study explained.The researchers also found that men perceived women with more makeup as more attractive, which in turn was associated with them falsely perceiving the women as more unrestricted in their sociosexuality.“This finding suggests that there may be some sort of wishful thinking effect among men in which attractive women are falsely, but optimistically, perceived as more willing to engage in casual sex,” the researchers noted.“Our evidence suggests that makeup is perceived to signal sociosexuality but does not actually signal sociosexuality, likely because makeup makes the face more attractive, which is incorrectly associated with sociosexuality.”The study, “Evidence that makeup is a false signal of sociosexuality“, was authored by Carlota Batres, Richard Russell, Jeffry A. Simpson, Lorne Campbell, Alison M. Hansen, and Lee Cronk.last_img read more

NEWS SCAN: H5N1 in Cambodia, designer flu proteins as antivirals, US West Nile cases, HFMD in Vietnam

first_img Cambodia reports H5N1 deathCambodia’s health ministry has announced that a 10-year-old girl died from H5N1 avian influenza, the World Health Organization (WHO) said today in a statement. The girl, from Kampong Speu province in central Cambodia, got sick May 20 and was treated in her village before admission to a hospital on May 25. The Pasteur Institute in Cambodia confirmed the presence of H5N1 on May 26, and the girl died on May 27, despite intensive treatment, according to the WHO. An investigation into the source of her infection found that recent poultry deaths were reported in her village and that the girl had prepared sick chicken for food before she became ill. The girl is Cambodia’s 21st H5N1 case since 2005 and its 19th death from the disease. So far this year Cambodia has reported three H5N1 infections, all involving children and all fatal. The new case pushes the WHO’s global H5N1 count to 604 infections and 357 deaths.May 29 WHO statementMay 29 WHO global H5N1 case count Researchers estimate 3 million US West Nile infections, 780,000 casesExtrapolating from surveillance data, US researchers estimate that, from 1999 through 2010, more than 3 million Americans were infected by West Nile virus (WNV), which resulted in 780,000 illnesses and more than $800 million in medical costs. Writing in Epidemiology and Infection yesterday, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Fargo, N.D., San Francisco, and Madison, Wis., noted that the nationwide ArboNET surveillance system has detected 12,823 cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) since 1999. They point out that a 2012 study in Emerging Infectious Diseases on blood donors in North Dakota suggested that, for every WNND case detected, 213 to 286 infections likely occurred. From these statistics, the investigators estimated that almost 2.8 million WNV infections occurred in the study period in adults. They note that estimates of infection rate vary for children, but, if they assume the rate to be similar to the adult rate, the number of US WNV infections grows to about 3.2 million. Assuming that 26% of infections lead to clinical disease, they estimated about 780,000 cases of WNF, for a total acute-care medical cost of about $832 million.May 28 Epidemiol Infect abstractApril Emerg Infect Dis report on WNND cases Scientists develop flu proteins that may disable multiple flu strainsUS researchers have developed a method for designing influenza proteins as antivirals that have proved potent against an array of flu strains, according to a preliminary study in Nature Biotechnology. The team used computer-aided design to engineer proteins that targeted vulnerable hemagglutinin sites on the flu virus, according to a news release from Michigan State University (MSU). The scientists then optimized those proteins by comprehensively mapping the mutations that gave the proteins a strong advantage when attacking the viruses’ targeted areas. The team improved their proteins through a process called “DNA deep sequencing” to simultaneously sequence millions of variants of the manufactured proteins and identify and keep the beneficial mutations. “By taking only the best mutations, we can reprogram our proteins to burrow into viruses at key locations and render them harmless,” said lead author Tim Whitehead, PhD, of MSU, in the release. “The most potent of these,” the authors write, “a 51-residue protein, is broadly cross-reactive against all influenza group 1 hemagglutinins, including human H2, and neutralizes H1N1 viruses with a potency that rivals that of several human monoclonal antibodies.” Whitehead added in the news release, “Our work demonstrates a new approach to construct therapeutic proteins, which we hope will spur development of new protein drugs by the biopharmaceutical industry.”May 27 Nature Biotech abstractMay 27 MSU news release CDC alerts travelers to Vietnam of HFMD outbreakIn a May 25 update for travelers, the CDC warned of a widespread outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in Vietnam that began in January. The agency said that, as of Apr 29, nearly 40,000 people had become ill from the HFMD virus and that 20 have died, all children younger than 5 years old. Hai Phong province in the north has reported the most cases, followed by Bac Can, Yen Bai, and Lao Cai provinces. “The Vietnam Ministry of Health is taking steps to control the outbreak,” the CDC said. The agency encouraged travelers to practice healthy personal hygiene such as washing hands and to avoid contact with HFMD patients, adding that packing alcohol-based hand sanitizer might be a good idea. In a May 15 update, the WHO, using data through May 6, said that Vietnam had 43,196 cases in 2012, including 22 deaths. China has had more than 99,000 cases this year, compared with 34,709 at this time last year, the WHO reported.May 25 CDC updateMay 15 WHO update May 29, 2012last_img read more

FAO, OIE declare war on foot-and-mouth disease

first_img “Recent FMD outbreaks around the globe demonstrate that animal diseases have no boundaries, can have a devastating impact, and require a global response,” Hiroyuki Konuma, FAO regional representative for Asia and the Pacific, said in an FAO release. The strategy will rely on the strengthening of veterinary services and collaboration and support from many groups, the two agencies said in press releases. The plan was endorsed today by officials from more than 100 countries at the second FAO/OIE Global Conference on Foot-and-Mouth Disease Control in Bangkok, according to an OIE statement. FMD is endemic in most of sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, the FAO statement said. Its annual global cost, including production losses and vaccination expense, has been estimated at $5 billion. For poor farmers who depend on just a few animals, FMD can bring hunger and economic ruin, the agencies said. However, the FAO-OIE statement does not cite an explicit goal of eradicating FMD, only bringing it under control. Besides rinderpest, only one other disease—smallpox—has been eradicated through human efforts. Officials said the FMD strategy combines two tools developed by the OIE and FAO. The OIE tool, called the Performance of Veterinary Services Pathway (PVS), involves evaluating national veterinary services with the aim of bringing them into compliance with OIE quality standards. Reliable veterinary services ensure the quality and safety of livestock production, thereby protecting food sources, trade, and animal health, the agencies said. FAO developed the Progressive Control Pathway for Foot-and-Mouth Disease, the PCP-FMD, which guides countries through a series of steps to better manage FMD risks, beginning with active surveillance to determine what types of FMD virus strains are circulating in the country and neighboring areas, officials said. A crucial part of the process is coordination of control efforts with neighboring countries. Many countries are in the earliest stages of FMD control, the FAO said. The PCP-FMD is designed to bring countries to the point where they apply to the OIE for recognition of their control program and FMD-free status. Jun 29 OIE press release “The successful eradication of rinderpest, a joint effort by scientists, governments, donors, veterinarians and farmers, clearly shows that we can reduce and even eliminate the threat of major diseases,” said Juan Lubroth, DVM, PhD, FAO’s chief veterinary officer, in the FAO release. Rinderpest, another highly contagious cattle disease, was declared eradicated in May 2011. FMD can cause high mortality in newborn and young animals, weight loss, reduced milk yields, and lower fertility, the agencies noted. The United Kingdom had a severe FMD outbreak in 2001, with direct and indirect costs estimated at up to $30 billion, and Taiwan lost about $15 billion in a 1997 outbreak. See also: The campaign will include developing regional vaccine banks and centers for quality control and improving surveillance systems, laboratory capacity, vaccine quality control, and movement control of animals, the OIE said. The OIE said 66 of its 178 member countries are free of FMD. The goals of the new campaign are to control FMD in most countries and eliminate it in some, improve veterinary services and infrastructure, and enhance prevention and control of other major livestock diseases, the agency said. Jun 29, 2012 (CIDRAP News) – The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) have announced a global campaign to control foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), a highly contagious livestock disease that does not threaten humans but can be economically devastating. Jun 27 FAO press release May 25, 2011, CIDRAP News story “OIE declares rinderpest eradicated” CIDRAP FMD overviewlast_img read more

Vaccine Scan for Feb 26, 2018

first_imgFDA working with CMS to look for new clues on flu vaccine protectionUS Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, today weighed in on steps the FDA it taking to improve the effectiveness of seasonal flu vaccines, which includes collaborating with partners at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to use a large database that includes information on flu vaccines given to 4 million people.In a statement, he said an analysis of the data is still underway, but it may have some clues on effectiveness of cell-based and egg-based vaccines and may shed light on effectiveness of high-dose and adjuvanted version of the vaccines in seniors, as compared to standard flu vaccine. “What we learn about the differences in efficacy between these different vaccines might reveal information that can inform why overall effectiveness against H3N2 was lagging,” Gottlieb said.One theory is that people may require a higher amount of H3N2 antigen to prompt a better immune response, he said, adding that preliminary CMS data has suggested that cell-based flu vaccine might be somewhat more effective than egg-based vaccine. FDA scientists are combing through the data to see if there are any other reasons for the drop in vaccine effectiveness against H3N2 and are working with scientists inside and outside the government to understand the findings.Earlier this month, US scientists released interim effectiveness estimates for this season’s vaccine, which found that protection against H3N2 was 25%, less than hoped and similar to what some other countries have recently  found. The gap in protection has been especially problematic over the past few seasons, and scientists say the issue likely stems from a combination of factors, but especially an egg-adaptation that has been identified in the vaccine strain used to make egg-based vaccines.The FDA’s Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee (VRBPAC) meets on Mar 1 to discuss the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) recently announced recommendations for the Northern Hemisphere’s 2018-19 flu season.Feb 26 FDA statement FDA VRBPAC meeting information WHO approves Shanchol cholera vaccineShantha Biotechnics, an India-based subsidiary of Sanofi, announced today that the WHO has approved its oral cholera vaccine Shanchol, the first of its kind that can be stored and distributed outside of the traditional cold chain, The Economic Times, an English-language paper based in India, reported today.Shanchol is the second vaccine approved for mass campaigns to prevent and control cholera outbreaks. According to the report, the vaccine can be kept for a single period of up to 14 days at a temperature of up to 40°C just before administration, as long as it hasn’t expired and the vaccine vial monitor hasn’t reached the discard point.The WHO prequalified Shanchol in 2011, and since then, 12 million doses have been sent to 25 countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Mozambique, and South Sudan.Feb 26 Economic Times story PAHO emphasizes yellow fever vaccine for travelers to affected areasThe Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) recently reiterated its recommendation that international travelers be vaccinated against yellow fever at least 10 days before visiting areas where the disease is circulating, according to a Feb 23 statement.Between Jan 2016 and Jan 2018, seven countries or territories in the Americas have reported yellow fever cases: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, and Suriname. However, most of the illnesses have been reported from Brazil, with cases reported from areas where the disease hasn’t been found in several decades, including Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states. The WHO recommends vaccination for international travelers for 21 Brazilian states, and the group is closely monitoring for signs that new areas are at risk.So far urban transmission via Aedes aegypti mosquitoes has not been documented, and human infections have been linked to two types of forest-dwelling mosquitoes that can spread the disease, Haemagogus and Sabethes. PAHO said travelers to affected countries should also take steps to avoid mosquito bites and seek immediate medical care if they become sick during or after their trips.Feb 23 PAHO statementlast_img read more