Maybe, because of his programmer background, Linus Torvalds defended the monolithic kernel, a more pragmatic model where the kernel and device drivers are on the same privilege context. Therefore, on the Operating System construction point of view, it becomes simplified because avoid context changes due inter-processes calls.Time showed that Linus Torvalds was right. Linux became popular and MINIX, developed by Andrew, didn’t. David Cutler (Microsoft architect and Windows Internals’ author) also believed on monolithic kernel that predominated. However, it doesn’t means that Tanembaum’s concerns weren’t relevant, is completely the opposite, from security standpoint, creation of security boarders isolating kernel, drivers, services and applications, and is an advance over Linus’ model. However, kernel monolithic showed fastest development cycle due its simplicity and claimed by better performance. I know that it’s a controversial point, since there are many examples of operating systems developed under microkernel model with excellent performance such as Cisco IOS that arrives embedded into Cisco routers.From security view, in the monolithic kernel any vulnerability or malware loaded by devices drivers or any kind of code running in ring 0 context may compromise the entire system, while in microkernel model, where you have a minimum kernel footprint, non-extensible and isolated in its own TCB (Trusted Computing Base) is more resistant against attacks.What TXT essentially do, is bring the security advantages of microkernel model to actual platform with enhancements. For a cloud environment, Intel® TXT is able to Measure Launch (ML) the BIOS, hypervisor and attest the integrity of each VM individually as described in the following picture: How important is uptime to you when it comes to cloud? In order to archive higher 9’s you should have a structured plan to deal with root causes of unavailability: operational errors, components failures, power outages, security threats, etc. In this post, I’ll discuss about one aspect of security concerns: Integrity.Actually, how do you manage to guarantee that Virtual Machines (VMs) running on top of hypervisor and hypervisor itself is in a trusted and well-known condition? The short answer is simple: You don’t, at least if you don’t have a root of trust tamper resistant that can attest integrity of chain of trust, and Intel® Trusted Execution Technology (TXT) has this ability.Threat AnalysisTo understand the role of Intel® TXT and why a root of trust is so important, I’ll guide you in a brief description of x86 architecture and how popular operating systems are designed.Since Intel 286, every instruction executed on x86 architecture can be executed in 4 different privilege levels that are defined by 2 bits. So, when an instruction is executed with the 00b (0d), it means the highest privilege level called ring 0 or kernel mode. Otherwise, when these bits are equaled to 11b (3d), it means the lowest privilege level called ring 3 or user mode.On the first 90s, at USENET, Prof. Andrew S. Tanembaum (Computer Network’s writer) and Linus Torvalds (Linux’s creator) discussed about the models that the Operating System should be built on Intel x86 architecture. Andrew defended the microkernel model, an elegant proposal by the implementation point of view since the system would be disposed between the 4 privilege levels, as we can see on the diagram bellow Trusted Compute PoolsExtrapolating this capability to cloud infrastructure allow us to develop the concept of Trusted Compute Pools, where you group machine with TXT capable and enabled in a cluster of trust. This capability is present on various hardware models and you can use it with VMWare ESX 4.1 U1, Linux/Xen using the tboot code as described in this post and also using HyTrust or Parallels with more coming.
Historically, platform embedded firmware limits the ways system-builders can customize, innovate, and differentiate their offerings. Today, Intel is streamlining the route for implementing new features with the creation of an “open engine” for system-builders to run firmware of their own creation or choosing.This important advance in platform architecture is known as the Innovation Engine. It was introduced this week at the Intel Developer Forum in San Francisco.The Innovation Engine is a small Intel® architecture processor and I/O sub-system that will be embedded into future Intel data center platforms. The Innovation Engine enables system builders to create their own unique, differentiating firmware for server, storage, and networking markets. Some possible uses include hosting lightweight manageability features in order to reduce overall system cost, improving server performance by offloading BIOS and BMC routines, or augmenting the Intel® Management Engine for such things as telemetry and trusted boot.These are just a few of the countless possibilities for the use of this new path into the heart of Intel processors. Truthfully, the uses for the Innovation Engine are limited only by the feature’s capability framework and the developer’s imagination.It’s worth noting that the Innovation Engine is reserved for system-builder’s code, and not Intel firmware. Intel supplies only the hardware, and the system builder can tailor things from there. And as for security, the Innovation Engine code is cryptographically bound to the system-builder. Code not authenticated by the system-builder will not load.As the name suggests, the Innovation Engine will drive a lot of great benefits for OEMs and, ultimately, end users. This embedded core in future Intel processors will foster creativity, innovation, and differentiation, while creating a simplified path for system-builders implementing new features and enabling full customer visibility into code and engine behavior.Ultimately, this upcoming enhancement in Intel data center platforms is all about using Intel technology advancements to drive widespread innovation in the data center ecosystem.Have thoughts you’d like to share? Pass them along on Twitter via @IntelITCenter, you can also take a listen to our IDF podcasts for more on the Innovation Engine.
On Thursday, India will vote on a resolution at the United Nations that seeks to establish an independent expert on sexual orientation and gender identity at the human rights council. Related Items
With his latest study, Australian researcher Dr Nicholas Rohde has reignited an eternal debate who is a better cricketer among two of the world’s top batsmen, Sir Don Bradman or Sachin Tendulkar.As the Griffith University researcher ranked Bradman next only to Tendulkar, Headlines Today decided to take a re-look at their cricket careers and performances in international cricket.Both Bradman and Tendulkar have remained cricket fans’ ultimate fascination leading to the endless debates comparing the two legends’ statistics and their impacts on the sport. The two thespians of cricket are also the ultimate technicians and icons who redefined the game in their respective eras.One is an Indian cricketer globally renowned for his batting abilities and widely considered as one of the greatest batsmen in cricket history and the other is an Australian remarkably known as the greatest batsman of all time with a career Test batting average of 99.94, hailed as the top-most statistical achievement in any major sport.Tendulkar is the highest run scorer in Tests as well as ODIs and record holder of the most centuries in both the formats. Bradman’s 20-year playing career records are no less than a benchmark for cricket’s future generations.Both legends, though from two completely different times, have so many similar traits that it is natural to draw comparison. Once watching Tendulkar bat on TV, Bradman suddenly called out to his wife in excitement and told her how the Indian reminded of him of his own batting.Much like Bradman, Tendulkar too is five feet six inches tall and dominates the best of bowling attacks with similar ease. Yet, the best way to truly assess Bradman and Tendulkar is the comparison amid the many factors that made up their style of play.advertisementBradman’s run-scoring speed was unimaginable when he scored a whopping 452 in only 415 minutes. Some might disagree stating that the over rates in the thirties and forties were better than today. Tendulkar on the verge of 100 international centuries is considered to be a monumental achievement. But again, Bradman made 10 Test double hundreds and two triple hundreds with a total six triple and 37 double hundreds in first-class cricket in his time.On a personal front too, Tendulkar is similar to Bradman in many ways. Unfailingly courteous, modest and comfortable with his own company, still unlike Bradman, Tendulkar has maintained his popularity with team-mates as well as opponents.But it is the impact the two have had on society and their country that defines their true value. While Bradman rose to popularity in Australia particularly during the Great Depression and instantly became a symbol of hope, Tendulkar’s heroics have lent confidence and belief that would succeed in a new age India.
Five-time world boxing champion M.C. Mary Kom on Wednesday said it would be an uphill task to achieve a podium-finish at the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro next year.Mary, who had bagged bronze in the flyweight (51kg) category at the 2012 London Olympics, said the competition at next year’s edition will be the tougher since the size of the draw is expected to be bigger.”Qualifying for the Rio Games would be tough and winning a medal would be even tougher. I am trying all I can to qualify for the Games,” Mary said.”I am only focussed on qualifying for the Olympics right now. I will only think of a medal after I book my ticket to Rio,” she added. “The only thing I can guarantee is that I will give my 100 percent.”Also read: Sports minister ready to solve boxing impasse, says Manipur boxing chief The 32-year-old, who is currently training in Bengaluru, may go abroad in order to prepare herself for the 2016 World Championships, which is the first Olympic qualifying event scheduled to be held in February next year.”Right now, my target is the World Championships. I will train here in India for around a month. Then I am thinking of going abroad for training. The place has not yet been decided. But it could be UK where I trained before the 2012 Olympics,” she said.The Manipur pugilist also informed that she had been laid low by a string of minor injuries recently, which prompted her to skip the recent Asian championships.advertisementAlso read: Boxing India calls executive committee meeting on August 31 “I have had several minor injuries in the recent past. But now I am getting stronger day by day,” Mary said.Talking about the current state of affairs in Indian boxing, Mary said: “As athletes, our job is to win medals for the country. But looking after the administrative side of the sport is the federation’s job. If they fail to do their job then it may also affect the performance of the boxers.””Indian boxing is like a family. If those at the helm of the sport do not take the right decisions, the entire family will be affected,” she added.
Paying attention in class, taking tuition, staying focused on your studies and scoring the perfect 9 or 10 CGPA in exams can definitely land you up a good job such as that of a teacher, engineer, doctor , lawyer, pilot and so on.But have you ever thought, that playing on the ground, scoring the perfect goal, sweating out for hours on the field or challenging friends on the racing track can too lead you to a good job that will be full of adventure, fun, dare and excitement.Yes, we are talking about none other than sports as a career. We have often observed that parents do encourage children to play sports like cricket, badminton, tennis, basketball, football and others or participate in sports activities in schools. But when it comes to making sports as a full-fledged career, not many parents are supportive about this idea.They fear that it would not yield a stable salary and that if you are not at the top like Sachin Tendulkar, Vishwanathan Anand and Sania Mirza, no one will even bother to ask about you.So as to clear certain misconceptions regarding the same, we bring before you a short interview session with Sangram Singh, who has recently won the commonwealth heavy weight championship. A struggler, achiever and a winner, Sangram was paralysed and confined to chair for 8 years due to rheumatoid arthritis, but his willpower to recover and determination brought him out as a complete winner.Even after achieving celebrity status, he remains a very down-to-earth person, who selflessly has been working towards the betterment of the society.advertisementRecently, he announced financial support for Mr. Kamal Kumar who was a state level boxer, and now was being forced to be a garbage collector. In collaboration with Mr. Sangram Singh, the Sunshine Group Chairman launched country’s first naturopathy center focused on helping the needy and retired national players, who can come back to the health and fitness field through this noble initiative mean to bring respectability back to being a sports-person.Sangram Singh wishes that initiatives of this kind, shall reach every small town where he wishes to provide motivation, health support and a fitness training to the rural youth, who are future icons of our country.He also requested every Indian citizen, corporates and sportsperson to extend any sort of help that will help Indian sportsperson bring laurels to the country and make India proud.Following is a small interview session with Anumika Bahukhandi, from India Today Education How supportive have his parents been in his career choice?Mostly parents wish their children to become either a doctor, engineer , teacher or get into any other respectable job. They can never thing wrong for their kids. But they should also understand that we have one life and they should give a chance to children to choose the career of their choice about which they are passionate and should support them completely. My parents, especially my mother has been my pillar of strength. Whatever I am today, is all because of her as she has supported me in every step.What is the scope of wrestling in India, as a career ?Wrestling is a big game and has a good scope in India. In 1952, we won the first medal in wrestling only. It is a tough career as there are risks of injury and one has to be well-determined, passionate and focused about it.Wrestling as a career is also life threatening as there are risks of getting seriously injured. Has this thought never bothered you?I had broken my nose while practicing. Also I got a fracture on my shoulders, knees. But then it becomes a routine. Plus injuries are considered as a sportsman’s jewel. So when you are passionate about your sport, injuries do not matter. In every sport there will be struggle and obstacles, but a victory which comes easily, is no victory.
Similar to his playing days, Yuvraj Singh continues to be vocal about the Indian side even after his retirement. The all-rounder was quite critical on initiating a split captaincy for the side and has heaped praise for Rohit’s efforts in the shorter format.He has also quite recently voiced his opinion on the vacant test opener spot where he has suggested that the side give ample game time to Rohit to make him settle there permanently.Advertisement Image Courtesy: The cricket timesAdvertisementFormer Indian cricketer Yuvraj Singh got trolled by tennis star Sania Mirza after the former’s latest Instagram post that saw him sport a clean shaved look.Image Courtesy: The cricket timesThe picture which Yuvraj Singh posted on Instagram saw him showcase his “chikna chamela” look with a pouted face.However, the comments section of the post saw the fans make fun of his look while suggesting that he got his bearded look back. Amidst these comments, Sania Mirza’s reply to the photo caught everyone’s eye.“Are you pouting to hide the chin under the chin we spoke bout ???? Bring the beard back,” read Sania’s hilarious comment.
Virat Kohli may have stolen the show on the first day of the opening Test in Antigua, but West Indies leg-spinner Devendra Bishoo doesn’t feel it’s a challenge to bowl at the Indian skipper. Kohli, who hit his 12th hundred, batted at a strike rate of 70.83 against Bishoo, hitting the leggie for 68 runs from 96 deliveries.Kohli struck a fluent 143 not out to guide India to 302 for four at the end of first day’s play. Kohli also completed the 3000 runs in Test cricket, becoming the 19th Indian to reach the landmark.Bishoo, who was the pick of the bowlers with three for 108, feels that the visitors have made full use of the batting pitch.”I think this is a very good pitch. It’s a batting pitch,” Bishoo said. (Legends amazed by Kohli’s hunger for hundreds)”It’s not challenging (to bowl at Kohli). At the end of the day, it’s cricket. We have to be patient. It’s just the start of the series and there is a long way to go. Everybody has good and bad days, we just have to move forward as a team,” he added. (Kohli has transformed from a rookie to a man, says Viv Richards)’WI BOWLERS HAVE TO BE PATIENT'”We, as bowlers, have to be patient as much as possible and take it one ball at a time. Day one pitches don’t turn that much. On days three, four and maybe day five, it’s going to turn more,” the pint-sized leg-spinner added. (Kohli has matured a lot, says Anil Kumble)advertisement”We could have been in a better position probably. At the end of the day, it’s a good pitch and the Indian batsmen kept relishing it. We just didn’t put the ball in the areas as much, but we bowled well in patches.”We just have to take it one over at a time and take it session by session. Put the ball in the right areas for as long as possible, and make it hard for them. At the end of it, we have to be patient,” he added.’GABRIEL BOWLED WELL’While he finished with three wickets, it was pacer Shannon Gabriel who bowled the best on day one, putting openers Shikhar Dhawan and Murali Vijay in a spot of bother. He looked dangerous in every spell.”I think Shannon bowled really good upfront today and he started off very well. He bowled with great pace. The rest of the bowlers, as I said, bowled well in patches. We need to be a bit more patient because the wicket is good,” said Bishoo.When asked if West Indies missed a trick by picking only four bowlers plus debutant Roston Chase, he replied in negative.”No. At the end of day, whatever team we have to play with as a team, we have to play. We support each other and give our 100 percent. I’m not going to put anything on anybody. To play good cricket, bowlers have to do their job and batsmen have to do theirs.”(With PTI inputs)
Haitian winger Sony Norde and Mohun Bagan were forced to part ways due to the player’s persistent knee injury, which refused to heal despite all efforts from the club and Norde.Norde has been the most profilic player for the Kolkata giants since 2014 and with him on the sidelines this year, Bagan have struggled to found their footing in the league.Even though Bagan have won both the Kolkata derbies of this season against East Bengal, they have faltered against other teams.ALSO WATCHNorde struggled to keep his emotions under wraps on Monday as he bid goodbye to Bagan fans but promised to return to the club after completing the treatment for his injured knee.”As soon as I am fit, I promise you guys that I will be back. The love I have got makes Mohun Bagan unique among all the clubs I have played in. I didn’t want to go but for the sake of my family, my career, I have to,” Norde told the fans who had gathered at the club’s lawn on Monday. He is scheduled to leave the country on Tuesday.Norde is scheduled to fly to Buenos Aires for treatment of his right knee anterior cruciate ligament injury which will keep him out of action for the rest of this season.Norde will undergo a surgery on February 2 and complete his rehabilitation at Argentina club Boca Juniors, said Mohun Bagan director Debasish Dutta.Norde turned out for the ‘B’ squad of Boca Juniors from 2008-11.advertisementNorde was able to play less than four games this season before injuring himself.Speaking on last Sunday’s Kolkata derby, where Mohun Bagan outplayed arch-rivals East Bengal for a 2-0 victory, Norde said the ‘Green and Maroons’ played like runaway English Premier League leaders Manchester City and Spanish league leaders FC Barcelona.”A derby is always 50-50 but yesterday, Mohun Bagan played like Manchester City or Barcelona. We could have scored six or seven goals. If they play like this, they won’t need me,” the 28-year-old said.Norde said it was when he felt pain during training on January 18 that he decided to consult his doctor in Argentina.”He told me that I needed surgery and a rehab for seven weeks. He also said he would help me with the rehab. I couldn’t sleep that night and the next day, I couldn’t face my teammates because all this while they had thought I would be playing the derby,” the Haiti winger said.Norde said he would miss playing with Cameron Watson and Akram Moghrabi, Mohun Bagan’s new recruits who had a big influence at Salt Lake stadium on Sunday.He also deflected criticism on Mohun Bagan’s former coach Sanjoy Sen, saying no one forced him to play 84 minutes during the I-League match against Neroca FC.”I did that on my own because I felt the team needed me. No one forced me to,” he asserted.(Courtesy: IANS)
SNAPPED: Rooney searched before seeing Man Utd defeat Huddersfieldby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveDC United striker Wayne Rooney took in Manchester United’s win over Huddersfield Town.The forward, who played for United between 2004 and 2017, was pictured at Old Trafford before fans were allowed in, and captioned his post with a love heart.Rooney, who attended the game with the family of his wife Colleen, was a pundit for BT Sport for new caretaker manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s first game in charge at Cardiff.Wayne Rooney for Manchester United: Games – 559 Goals – 253United steward be like…“Better safe than sorry.” #mufc  pic.twitter.com/ETzFlDGDcp— United Xtra (@utdxtra) December 26, 2018 About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Divisional trainers in the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) are being trained on the issue of child labour in Jamaica and how to combat the problem. This will result in the development of strategies to strengthen and expand the role of the police in addressing child labour in the island. A workshop on the subject is being hosted over three days, from March 18 to 20, at Alhambra Inn in Kingston, by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, under the Tackling Child Labour Through Education (TACKLE) technical co-operation programme. The forum seeks to continue to build capacity, and knowledge base on child labour. It targets police and community safety officers, mainly from Kingston and St. Andrew, and St. Catherine, as these parishes are the most populated, with significant child labour concerns. The TACKLE programme is run in 12 countries, with Jamaica and Guyana being the only Caribbean countries involved. Jamaica is the only country that has developed a law enforcement training programme that is country specific. Objectives of the TACKLE initiative are to: build the law enforcement and legislative mechanisms to address child labour; collaborate with the Ministry of Labour and the Ministry of Education in order to include recurrent funding for child labour programmes in the national budget. It also seeks to provide interventions for children involved in child labour (prevention and withdrawal), mainly through remedial programmes, through non-governmental organisations, as well as through the school system; and develop good practices and sharing of information, which will benefit all stakeholders. National Project Officer, International Labour Organisation/TACKLE Jamaica, Nasolo Thompson, explained that based on the findings of a research, the workshop had become necessary to address many of the gray areas, and matters that members of the JCF and other practitioners are unsure about. She said one of the main concerns raised was: what to do with a child who is taken out of a situation in which he or she is engaged in child labour. “Our social services are already very stretched…what do we do with the child? You have a duty to protect…so do we put the child in a situation that is more or less positive than he or she was in?” she questioned.She noted that while most persons were aware of what child labour is, not many were aware of ILO Conventions that inform local child labour laws.“Another thing that was also very important was that many members of the Force were not sure how to deal with child labour…they weren’t sure which laws applied in which circumstance, and even if they did, they weren’t really sure what procedure needed to be enforced in order to address the situation,” Ms. Thompson pointed out.Presentations and discussions emerging from the workshop include: understanding child labour; the legal framework and child labour; determining child labour functions of the police in relation to other key agencies; and the interview and report processes.By Alphea Saunders, JIS Reporter
Beaucoup des nouveaux médaillés ont travaillé bénévolement pendant des décennies pour nombre d’organismes de bienfaisance et d’autres types d’organismes. Entre autres choses, ils ont aidé des enfants qui avaient un handicap intellectuel ou développemental, ils ont fait du bénévolat auprès du mouvement des cadets, ils ont aidé à la préparation de déclaration de revenus et ils ont participé à la restauration d’un cimetière. « Au nom de la reine et de tous les Néo-Écossais, c’est avec grand plaisir que je présente la Médaille du souverain à ces personnes exceptionnelles qui ont donné de leur temps pour aider les autres, a déclaré le lieutenant-gouverneur, Arthur J. LeBlanc. Elles donnent un bel exemple à suivre, et leur travail offert bénévolement contribue à faire de la province un merveilleux endroit où vivre. » Créée en 2016 par David Johnston, qui était gouverneur général à l’époque, la Médaille du souverain pour les bénévoles reconnaît les réalisations exceptionnelles de Canadiens qui, partout au pays, font du bénévolat dans une vaste gamme de domaines. En tant qu’honneur officiel du Canada, la Médaille du souverain a remplacé le Prix du gouverneur général pour l’entraide. Basée sur l’esprit de ce prix, elle continue la tradition de rendre hommage au dévouement et à l’engagement des bénévoles. Le lieutenant-gouverneur Arthur J. LeBlanc a présenté la Médaille du souverain pour les bénévoles à 13 Néo-Écossais durant une cérémonie à la Résidence du gouverneur, aujourd’hui, 25 octobre, à Halifax. Les personnes qui ont été honorées aujourd’hui sont : Wendy Boyd, de Bedford Darryl Cook, de Bridgewater Kenneth Donovan, de Sydney Lloyd Harris, de Florence dans la Municipalité régionale du Cap-Breton Joanne Hauser, de Truro Christine Jamieson, de Hammonds Plains Leigh Joiner, de Lower Sackville Angus McDonald, d’Halifax Brian O’Brien, d’Halifax Kathryn Patterson, de Dartmouth Vincent Penney, de North Sydney Stanley Salsman, d’Halifax Henry Taylor, de Sydney
TORONTO — Whether Canadian judges should be active on Twitter, Facebook or other social media and what involvement they should have in community life are among issues under a review that aims to modernize ethical guidance for those on the bench.As part of the first such update in 20 years, the body that regulates judicial conduct has launched consultations as a way to gauge public sentiment on acceptable conduct for federally appointed judges as it seeks to update and streamline its guide: “Ethical Principles for Judges.”“As society evolves, so do the ethical issues that judges sometimes face,” Chief Justice Richard Wagner said in a statement.While bedrock principles for judges such as integrity, independence and impartiality are not up for debate, the review focuses on six themes — some new, some in need of updating: Social media, public engagement, post-retirement, self-represented litigants, case management, settlement conferences and judicial mediation, and professional development.“The work of judges has changed. Society has evolved. New and emerging ethical questions are before us,” the Canadian Judicial Council says in a background paper. “Reflecting this changing environment, council is reviewing the current ethical principles to ensure they continue to provide guidance for judges in a manner that reflects evolving public expectations.”Public feedback is requested by way of an online survey in which respondents are asked to agree or disagree with a series of statements such as: “Judges should not identify themselves as judges on social media” or “Judges should not use social media to ‘like,’ ‘friend’ or ‘share’ about matters that could come before the courts, generate negative debates (political or others) or be the subject of controversy.”Underlying many of the questions is to what extent judges should be socially reclusive and whether it’s fair or even desirable to demand a judiciary that is isolated and aloof from the kind of active if ordinary social engagement most Canadians take for granted.“Judges, of course, have private lives and should enjoy, as much as possible, the rights and freedoms of citizens generally,” the guide states. “Moreover, an out of touch judge is less likely to be effective.”The current document makes it clear that its aim is to provide ethical guidance and “shall not be used as a code or a list of prohibited behaviours.”However, breaches could lead to disciplinary consequences under the Judges Act, up to and including the rare step of being forced from the bench. In November, for example, the council rapped a well respected Ontario Superior Court justice for accepting a temporary dean’s posting at an Indigenous law school — the kind of dilemma the revised guide should help to resolve. The matter, still before the courts, provoked angry criticism of the judicial council itself.Mixing personal and public interests can also backfire, such as in the case of Frank Newbould, who resigned as a judge under a cloud over his participation at a community meeting to consider a land-claim settlement in an area in which he had a cottage.“To an increasing degree, judges engage with the wider community to inform and educate the public about the role of the judiciary in maintaining the rule of law, and to participate in opportunities that allow them to become better informed about the communities they serve,” the council says in its background paper. “This theme considers the ethical challenges that this engagement presents.”One emerging area of concern is the growing number of judges who return to law practice after retirement from the bench. That raises questions about whether they should be allowed to pursue job opportunities before retiring, or use their former position to further a post-bench business career. Another survey question asks respondents to express views on the statement: “In general, former judges should not argue a case or appear in court.”The internet age also makes it easy for judges, like anyone else, to access information online, raising the question of whether they should avoid looking for material relevant to a matter before them.Neither the Canadian Superior Courts Judges Association nor the judges section of the Canadian Bar Association was willing to discuss the review.Colin Perkel, The Canadian Press
Rabat – Special Olympics IX MENA Games 2018 in Abu Dhabi will kick off with the participation of 28 Moroccan athletes. The tournament will be held March 14-23.The Moroccan team is made up of 18 male and 10 female athletes.According to a statement issued March 11 by tournament organizers, the Moroccan delegation will compete across nine sports: athletics, swimming, tennis, volleyball, bocci, equestrian, weight-lifting, table tennis, and skating.Established in 1994, the Moroccan Special Olympics program has supported 11,850 athletes, according to the statement.The communiqué recalled the important role of late Princess Lalla Amina of Morocco, who was “instrumental in supporting the activities of Morocco’s Special Olympics, from the hosting of the second Regional Games in 2000 in Rabat to the 2010 World Strategic Conference.” President of the Moroccan Special Olympics, Sharifa Lalla Sumaya Al Wazzani, underscored the role of Special Olympics in improving the lives of people with intellectual disabilities by providing them with opportunities to develop their physical fitness and to highlight their sporting talents and skills.The president of the Moroccan Special Olympics said that “the 9th Special Olympics for the Middle East and North Africa region […] will be a great event for our athletes to showcase their skills and abilities and to develop them.”This year’s competition takes place in Abu Dhabi with the special support of Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Force, Wazzani added.“It also provides a platform for people with intellectual disabilities to interact with the community, which will enable them to gain self-confidence and facilitate their integration,” she added.The event will see the participation of 1,000 athletes from 31 countries. The event, according to the statement, “will be the first major sporting event ahead of Special Olympics World Games Abu Dhabi 2019.”Participating athletes will take part in 16 different sports that will be “hosted in eight different venues including ADNEC, Zayed Sports City, Yas Marina Circuit, NYUAD, Officer’s Club, Mubadala IPC Arena, Al Jazira Sports Club and Al Forsan Club.”The statement added that the two events are part of “the UAE’s National Vision 2021 that highlights the full integration of people of determination into everyday society.”
“Harassment of and violence against humanitarian workers is unacceptable and I am concerned for their security,” Valerie Amos, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator said on her first full day of a six-day mission to Sudan.She noted that although violence in southern Sudan has decreased compared last year, ethnic conflict, politically-motivated unrest and attacks by armed gangs believed to be members of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) continued impede humanitarian operations in the region.Humanitarian agencies have reported worsening operating environment in the region in recent months, with 118 incidents of interference with aid delivery seen this year.Ms. Amos, who arrived in Sudan yesterday, said that despite prospects for a good harvest in 2011, food shortages this year, coupled with seasonal floods and continuing insecurity have led to precarious humanitarian conditions.In Juba, the capital of southern Sudan, Ms. Amos met the President of Southern Sudan, Salva Kiir, other Government officials, donor representatives, UN and non-governmental organization officials. Discussions focused on insecurity and humanitarian access to people in need.She asked the Government to renew its commitment to ensure that the delivery of humanitarian assistance is unhampered and allowed to proceed without any political, ethnic or religious considerations.On the ongoing spontaneous return of displaced people to their villages, as well as the Government of southern Sudan’s accelerated return initiative, Ms. Amos stressed that the process must be voluntary and orderly.“Ensuring that returns take place in a free and principled manner is the responsibility of the Government,” she said. “However, humanitarian workers are ready to assist where there is clear humanitarian need, and where the Government is not able to provide the required support,” she added. 5 November 2010The United Nations top relief coordinator today urged the administration in southern Sudan to ensure the protection of aid workers, decrying cases of harassment and violence against humanitarian staff in the region.
The annual report on protection of civilians in armed conflict, prepared by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), recorded 3,021 civilian deaths last year — an increase of eight per cent on the previous year’s total of 2,790. Since 2007, at least 11,864 civilians have lost their lives in the ongoing conflict between the Government, backed by international forces, and the Taliban and other insurgent groups. Jan Kubis, the head of UNAMA and the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan, said that “for much too long, Afghan civilians have paid the highest price of war. Parties to the conflict must greatly increase their efforts to protect civilians to prevent yet another increase in civilian deaths and injuries in 2012.” UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay described the figures are extremely worrying. “Behind these numbers is real suffering and loss for families in Afghanistan,” she said. Anti-Government forces were responsible for an increasingly large majority of the deaths, and last year accounted for 77 per cent of all civilians who were killed. The report noted that the Taliban and related groups use improvised explosive devices (IEDs) more frequently and more widely, with the IEDs detonating whenever a person, including a child, steps on them or whenever a vehicle drives over them. Anti-Government forces also conducted more deadly suicide attacks that led to higher death tolls, and stepped up the targeted killings of civilians. The report documented 495 such killings, including those of provincial governors, district governors, local government workers and tribal elders. And while the number of civilians killed by pro-Government forces fell overall last year, the number killed from aerial attacks rose. The report found that the conflict is playing an increasingly intrusive role in the day-to-day lives of Afghans, with nearly 200,000 people displaced last year by the fighting, thousands of others losing their livelihoods and property, and many more having their freedom of movement restricted because of the clashes. “Unremitting civilian casualties coupled with pervasive intimidation by parties to the conflict and an expanding number of pro- and anti-Government armed groups affected many Afghan civilians directly, and many more indirectly, by fueling uncertainty, tension and fear,” the report stated. The geographic distribution of casualties evolved last year as well, with an increasing proportion located in Afghanistan’s southeast, east and north as armed fighting lessened in severity in the south. While the Afghan Local Police had improved security in most areas where they operated, they also stood accused of human rights abuses against civilians in several districts. The report’s authors lay out a series of recommendations for participants to the conflict, including urging anti-Government forces to stop using victim-activated pressure-plate IEDs, cease targeting civilians, hold accountable those members who kill and injure civilians and stop attacking places of worship. The report calls on the Afghan Government to ensure its troops are trained adequately in tactics and procedures, particularly concerning alternatives to lethal forces, and to improve the recruitment and oversight of the Afghan Local Police. International military forces are called on to further review their procedures aimed at preventing any incidental loss of civilian life in the carrying out of military operations, especially aerial attacks, and to promote transparency and accountability when dealing with Afghan civilians and communities. Georgette Gagnon, the director of human rights at UNAMA, noted that new proposals have been put forward in recent months that could lead to a process of peace negotiations between the pro- and anti-Government sides. “To the Afghan people, the credibility and value of a negotiation process and progress toward peace will be measured by reduced civilian casualties and real improvements in security, particularly in conflict-affected areas,” she said. “Only through increased actions to protect civilians will the relentless toll of death and injury to Afghan children, women and men be ended during and following a peace process.” 4 February 2012The number of civilian casualties resulting from the conflict in Afghanistan has risen for a fifth consecutive year, the United Nations reported today, blaming a change in tactics by the Taliban and other anti-Government forces for the higher death toll.
Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Having failed to win Ms Ruggles’ forgiveness, Dhillon’s behaviour became more erratic and disturbing – with the heavily built soldier threatening to create a fake dating profile in order to smear and destroy her reputation. A young graduate’s kindness and generosity lead to her being brutally murdered by her ex-boyfriend, a Lance Corporal, five days after she turned down the option to press charges against him, a court heard yesterday.Trimaan Dhillon, an army signaller who planned to join the SAS, subjected Alice Ruggles to months of harassment and “emotional blackmail” before creeping into her home to carry out a brutal attack whilst she stood in the shower.Using “technical knowledge” and skills acquired during his time in 2nd Scots, The Royal Regiment of Scotland, Dhillon embarked on a campaign of subterfuge and hacking in a sinister bid to win back Ms Ruggles, a 24-year-old university graduate.A jury heard how Dhillon became infatuated with the 24-year-old after they were introduced online, but later became violent and threatening when Ms Ruggles discovered his infidelity and called off the relationship. “He spoke of cutting off his own arms to show how much he loved her and of writing a letter in his own blood.”Alice might once have loved him but he was utterly obsessed with her – not in a compassionate and loving way. He viewed her as a possession.”Dhillon denies murder and the case, expected to last three weeks, continues. Knowing Ruggles and James were due to meet the following weekend, the court heard how Dhillon returned to his victim’s apartment on October 12, scaling a wall and a window in order to lie in wait for her to return home from work. Concerned by his behaviour, Ms Ruggles contacted the police on October 7 last year, but was given the option to press charges by investigating officers – a choice that the prosecution claimed she declined because she was too kind hearted.Refusing to accept the relationship was over, the court heard how Dhillon began paying late-night visits to her home in Gateshead, Tyne on Wear, from his barracks in Edinburgh, leaving Ferrero Rocher chocolates and flowers for her to discover in the morning.He also threatened to publish sexually explicit images of Ms Ruggles if she refused to rekindle their relationship – but his efforts only caused his victim to put more distance between them. Police at the scene were Alice Ruggles was discovered dead in OctoberCredit:Iain Buist/NCJ Media Standing trial at Newcastle Crown Court, jurors heard how the 26-year-old also began spying on Ms Ruggles when he suspected she was meeting other men, hacking into social media accounts owned by her and an army officer she had met in Germany.It was at this point that Ms Ruggles reported the matter to Northumbria Police, concerned that events were now spiralling out of control.Richard Wright QC, prosecuting, told the court how officers had placed the decision on “Alice’s shoulders” in a move, he said, that ended with fatal consequences.”Sadly the dilemma this young girl was left in is obvious. She was scared and worried by his behaviour but she had cared for and even loved him at one time,” he added. “Generously she decided not to have him arrested and she paid for that decision with her life five days later.”Despite being warned by his regimental captain to steer clear of Ms Ruggles, Dhillon continued to monitor her emails, as her fledgling relationship with new man Mike James, a serving British Officer, began to develop. Even as he lay waiting, the prosecution described how the soldier spent the moments pending the attack attempting to arrange a “casual hook-up” in Durham with a girl he was messaging on the dating app Tinder.When Ms Ruggles finally returned, Dhillon set upon her in her bedroom, before a violent struggle ensued, ending with the former slitting his victim’s throat in a shower situated in the adjacent bathroom.Leaving her to die, Dhillon returned to his barracks with her phone, where he discarded the blade used in the attack.Played a recording of a 999 call made by Ms Ruggles’ flatmate, Maxine McGill, on returning to find her lying in a pool of blood, the jury heard how McGill called out “Alice, Alice,” before telling the operator: “There is so much blood, she is blue, I think she is dead.”In the call she also told the operator she thought Dhillon was responsible for the killing, saying: “She rang 101 and made a statement about her ex boyfriend. He was threatening to do bad things to her and stuff.”Following his arrest, Dhillon told a probation officer in Durham prison that he had argued with the victim and that she had attacked him before turning the blade on herself.”This is an explanation constructed to meet the evidence and is not rooted in reality,” Mr Wright told jurors.”From an early stage the defendant was abusive, controlling and manipulative. Those who knew Alice knew a lively fun-loving girl whose personality had changed in the months before her death as a consequence of her relationship. Forensics officers at the home of Alice RugglesCredit:Iain Buist/NCJ Media
Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. “He was charged on June 6 and will appear before Westminster Magistrates’ Court on June 21 for his first hearing.Earlier this year self styled yellow vest protester James Goddard appeared at Westminster Magistrates’ Court, where he was charged with harassing the MP by calling her a “Nazi” and a “traitor”.Goddard maintains his innocence and is expected to rely on a defence of “fair comment”. He is due to appear for a two-day trial on July 19, at which Ms Soubry is expected to be among the witnesses. A second man has been charged with harassment after former Conservative MP Anna Soubry was taunted outside Parliament.Brian Phillips, 55, of Dale View, Erith, south-east London, was charged by post with harassment of an MP between December 19 last year and January 7.He has been summoned to appear at Westminster Magistrates’ Court on June 21.Soubry, who is now the leader of the Change UK party, was allegedly targeted outside Parliament during live television interviews on College Green in January.A Crown Prosecution Service spokesman said: “Following a review of the evidence by CPS London South, we authorised the police to charge Brian Phillips, 55, with one count of harassment.
← Previous Story IHF Super Globe groups drawn in Sarajevo Next Story → Junior WCh 2013 All Star Team announced: Stenmalm is MVP of generation 1992 Finally Sweden was the clearly dominant team at the World Championship, winning all their nine matches in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Spain missed to be the first country since 1990 to hold the titles of Men and Junior World Championships at the same time.Final: Sweden – Spain 28:23 (12:10)Boosted by another brilliant performance of All-Star-Team goalkeeper Peter Johannesson, Sweden started highly successful. Spain, being far below par in attack in the beginning, nearly missed every chance. Coach Alberto Suarez took his first time-out already at 1:3, but nothing changed: Spain caused turnovers or missed their shots, while Sweden punished every mistake by counter-attack goals. After eight minutes and the 1:5 Suarez again had seen enough and took his green card. But still the downswing was not stopped: Johannesson saved brilliant or the defence wall stood like a rock, and the Scandinavians extended the gap to 7:2 and 10:5 in minute 22. Only then the Iberians found their rhythm. First they improved their defence, then All-Star Team right back Alex Djushebaev guided his team by hammer goals. Two minutes before the halftime buzzer the margin was nearly closed at 9:11 – and this distance kept until the break.Right at the beginning of the second half the match became hectic: First Swedish player Ole Forsell Schefvert had to be carried out on a stretcher with a severe face injury after the 11:12, then Johannesson was hit at the head twice by Spanish shots within only one minute. Costoya used the confusion to equalize for the first time at 12:12 in minute 34.But Sweden showed a response of defiance in a partly fiercely match, scoring three straight goals in only two minutes and adding even the 16:12 to their tally. But as goalkeeper Daniel Arguillas saved brilliantly in this period, the Iberians were back on track again at 17:17 – and Swedish coach Jan Karlsson took his time-out.And his players understood, what he was saying, increasing the gap pre-decisively to 24:19, including a triple counter attack strike of All-Star Team player Andreas Berg. Spain was too nervous in this period, while Sweden even could cope with the red card against their defence specialist Anton Lindskog. And finally the match was decided, when Albin Lagergren hit the net for the 26:21 two minutes before the end.The gold medals and the World Champion’s trophy were handed over by IHF President Dr. Hassan Moustafa and Zdravko Milicevic, President of the Handball Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The silver medals were handed over by Miguel Roca, First Vice President of the IHF, and Nevenko Herceg, Vice President of the Handball Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The bronze medals were handed over by Philippe Bana, Head of IHF Competition Management, and Smajo Karacic, Secretary General of the Handball Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina.Final ranking:Gold: SwedenSilver: SpainBronze: France4. Croatia5. Netherlands6. Brazil7. Switzerland8. Egypt9. Slovenia10. Serbia11. Germany12. Hungary13. Denmark14. Bosnia-Herzegovina15. Tunisia16. Argentina17. Russia18. Korea19. Qatar20. Kuwait21. Angola22. Congo23. Chile24. Algeriaarticle: IHFphoto: handballbih2013.com
Cygnus Business Media has announced an agreement with database and software solutions provider, IRON Solutions, to offer co-marketed initiatives targeted at the construction and outdoor power equipment markets. According to Cygnus brand director Kris Flitcroft, the two companies are “working together on a product launch that will immediately benefit our customers through our audited print and combined online digital assets.”The partnership will allow Cygnus to tap into IRON’s tech infrastructure—including equipment inventory and search engine, IRONsearch.com, which sees over 250,000 unique visitors each month—and further Cygnus’ sales and lead gen opportunities, Flitcroft said in a statement.Cygnus’ Construction Equipment Group includes the ForConstructionPros.com portal and several print magazines including Asphalt Contractor, Concrete Contractor and Equipment Today.