An Indian-American home-schooled boy has surprised one and all by graduating from a US college at the age of 11 with three associate degrees in maths, science and foreign language studies. Related Items
By Frankie SchembriNov. 21, 2018 , 2:00 PM Watch these tissue-engineered spinal disks mimic the real thing Everyone has a backstory. Chances are it’s also a back pain story, because estimates say about two-thirds of adults in the United States will suffer from back or neck pain during their lifetimes. Many instances of back pain are caused by damage or degeneration of the intervertebral disks—the squishy little hockey pucks that sit between vertebrae, helping our spinal columns move and absorb shocks.Severe intervertebral disk degeneration is often treated with spinal fusion surgery, in which a damaged disk is removed and the adjacent vertebrae are welded together to form one solid bone. This leads to some loss of flexibility in the spine and increases the risk of other disks degenerating from compensating for the lost disk. Researchers have used tissue engineering to grow healthy disklike structures in the lab, but few studies have actually tested how these replacement disks perform over time when they’re implanted in living organisms.So in a new study, scientists injected cow stem cells into cylinders of polymer gel and sandwiched the cylinders between two foam end-plates to simulate the mechanics and biochemistry of intervertebral disks. Then, they implanted the disks into the tail spines of 14 rats, and larger versions into the necks of seven goats. They observed the animals’ movement and health postsurgery for several weeks, then euthanized the animals and examined how the engineered disks held their shape while being subjected to compressing forces compared to the animals’ native disks.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Not only did the disks become stable and well-integrated into the native tissue of the animals’ spinal columns several weeks postsurgery, they were able to withstand stress forces just as effectively as the animals’ native disks, the team reports today in Science Translation Medicine. Although the researchers say there is still considerable work to be done before tests begin in humans, the fact that large animals like goats responded well to the treatment is a step forward for backs everywhere.
Reality TV star Kim Kardashian has tweeted a super sexy photo of herself on micro-blogging site Twitter.The 31-year-old shared a new picture of her bikini body with her 14.8 million Twitter followers. In the photographs she sports wet hair and smiles at the camera.In the set of four snaps, she’s clad in only a red bikini and a damp halter top clinging suggestively to her curves, Kim appears as though she just hit the beach.When she posted the sexy photos, the reality TV queen tweeted:Thanks to all you 2 million sexy beasts out there for following me on Instagram! So heres a little present of http://t.co/9z0XXEFO
Shelby Rogers caused the first upset of the Australian Open on Monday, beating fourth-seeded Simona Halep 6-3, 6-1 in the opening match on the center court.Playing just her second main draw match ever at the Australian Open, the No. 52-ranked Rogers broke the 2014 French Open finalist’s serve four times on Rod Laver Arena. It was the second year in a row that Halep lost in the first round at Melbourne Park, and the fourth time overall.Rogers made a surprising run to the French Open quarterfinals before losing to eventual champion Garbine Muguruza last year, when she was ranked No. 108, but only advanced to the second round at one other tournament in 2016.Her only previous win against a top 10 player was in 2014, when she beat then No. 8-ranked Eugenie Bouchard in Montreal, but the run at Roland Garros gave her confidence.”The biggest thing I took away from that was just that I can compete with the top players in the world and I’m good enough,” Rogers said. “So I have definitely carried that away from the French Open and just been enjoying it a little bit. There has been a lot of positive feedback, which has been nice.”Halep, a two-time quarterfinalist in Australia, said she’d been hampered by pain in her left knee that was compounded by the pressure of the match.”Definitely (Rogers) played well. I think she played very high standard,” Halep said. “She was aggressive, and she hit very strong.”Unlike Halep, 13th-seeded Venus Williams improved on her first-round exit from last year to advance with 7-6 (5), 7-5 win over Kateryna Kozlova.advertisementSeventh-seeded Muguruza saved a set point in the first set, needed a medical timeout and had to fend off three break-point chances at 1-4 in the second set before advancing with a 7-5, 6-4 win over Marina Erakovic.Olympic gold medalist Monica Puig raced through her opening match, beating Patricia Tig 6-0, 6-1. Duan Yingying was among the early winners with a 6-3, 6-4 win over Rebecca Sramkova.Australian teenager Destanee Aiava’s milestone match ended in a 6-3, 7-6 (4) loss to German qualifier Mona Barthel. The 16-year-old Melbourne high school student became the first player born in this millennium to play a main draw match at a major.No. 27 Irina-Camelia Begu advanced and, in two all-American matches, Samantha Crawford beat Lauren Davis 4-6, 6-3, 6-0 and Alison Riske beat Madison Brengle 7-5, 6-3.Two seeded players lost early matches, with Varvara Lepchenko beating No. 19 Kiki Bertens 7-5, 7-6 (5) and former No. 1-ranked Jelena Jankovic beating No. 26 Laura Siegemund 6-1, 1-6, 6-4.Fifth-seeded Kei Nishikori needed 3 hours, 34 minutes to advance, beating Andrey Kuznetsov 7-5, 1-6, 6-4, 7-6 (6), 6-2.There were two early retirements in the men’s draw. No. 10-seeded Tomas Berdych, the 2010 Wimbledon finalist, was leading 6-1 when Luca Vanni retired from their match, and Jeremy Chardy was leading 4-0 when Nicolas Almagro retired with an injured right calf muscle in the first set.Ryan Harrison beat Nicolas Mahut 6-3, 6-4, 6-2 and No. 29 Viktor Troicki beat Damir Dzumhur 6-4, 6-4, 2-6, 2-6, 6-3.
Share on Twitter Barcelona Read more Share on LinkedIn Kevin-Prince Boateng: ‘Mandela shook my hand and said: my daughter wants to marry you’ Boateng left White Hart Lane for Dortmund in 2009, where he played under Jürgen Klopp – “the best coach in the world” – before a move to a crisis‑hit Portsmouth.The forward scored at Wembley against Spurs in an FA Cup semi-final, but ended his time in England with relegation. “It was crazy, beautiful,” Boateng said of his time at Fratton Park. “I loved playing there.”A successful World Cup with Ghana in 2010 led to a move to Milan – via a complex loan arrangement with Genoa. Boateng has subsequently played for Schalke and Frankfurt in Germany, with his only La Liga experience coming in a single season at Las Palmas. Reuse this content news Kevin-Prince Boateng has joined Barcelona in a shock move from the Italian side Sassuolo. The La Liga leaders have announced the arrival of Boateng on an initial loan deal with the option for an €8m (£7.05m) permanent move in the summer.Barcelona confirmed the forward’s arrival shortly after Boateng told reporters in Italy that the transfer was complete. The 31-year-old will sign his contract on Tuesday before a photo session and press conference at Camp Nou.“FC Barcelona and US Sassuolo have arrived at an agreement for the loan of the player Kevin-Prince Boateng for the remainder of the 2018/19 season,” a statement on Barcelona’s website read. “The agreement includes an €8m purchase option.” Share on Pinterest FC Barcelona (@FCBarcelona)🔥 @KPBofficial 🔥 pic.twitter.com/GSZl8aNK3DJanuary 21, 2019 European club football Sassuolo Topics La Liga The Fiver: sign up for our free daily football email. Share on Messenger Serie A Share via Email “Barça, I’m coming!” Boateng told Sky Sport earlier on Monday. “I’m sad to leave Sassuolo but it’s a great chance.”Boateng also brushed off newspaper reports that he was a Real Madrid fan when growing up. “Don’t ask me about Real Madrid … it’s just the past,” he said. “I only want to focus on Barcelona, and I hope to score at the Bernabéu [in] the next Clásico.”While at Eintracht Frankfurt last year, Boateng told Rheinische Post: “I know – without sounding arrogant – that I could’ve played at Real Madrid … but I didn’t work hard enough for that.” The former Ghana international signed for Sassuolo on a free transfer last summer and has starred for Roberto De Zerbi’s side as they have cemented a mid-table position in Serie A.The 31-year-old has scored five goals in 15 appearances, making an impact despite missing several weeks of the season with a pelvic injury.Barcelona are understood to have been impressed with Boateng’s performances in a false nine role in Italy. The Spanish league leaders are short of cover in attacking positions following the departures of Paco Alcácer to Borussia Dortmund and Munir El Haddadi to Sevilla.The Camp Nou will be the most high-profile destination so far in Boateng’s nomadic career since leaving his hometown club, Hertha Berlin, to join Spurs in 2007. In an interview with the Guardian in 2017, Boateng admitted he struggled to adapt to life in London, but that he “grew up” after losing his way. Share on Facebook Share on WhatsApp
Arsenal prepare themselves at the Stadio San Paolo. Photograph: NaFoto/Action Plus via Getty Images Share on Facebook THE AGONY OF THE ETIHADIf managing Manchester United is hard, something we scientifically proved beyond all doubt yesterday by equating Ole Gunnar Solskjær with Frank O’Farrell on the basis of five results, then managing Manchester City is all but impossible. Even the greats struggle. Howard Kendall, who turned relegation-haunted Everton into the best team of the mid-80s, couldn’t see how to make the job work. Sven-Göran Eriksson, who inspired Lazio to their first Serie A title for 27 years, had no routemap to revival. Kevin Keegan … and there’s the rule of three working its rhythmic magic again.So it’d be a bit much to complain about Pep Guardiola, especially as he’s already won City one league, is five wins away from another, and has thrown in a couple of League Cups for good measure. He’s also not got them relegated, not got them relegated as reigning champions, not got them relegated along with another club in the same season, not got them relegated after ordering his players to take it to the corner instead of looking for the goal that might stop them getting relegated, and lasted in office for more than 33 days. He’s taken standards up a notch in so many different ways.And yet that won’t stop folk pointing out his inability to totally eradicate the Cityitis virus that has plagued the club since the get-go. Last night City managed to discover yet another creative way to experience soul-liquidising heartbreak, another bizarre fiasco that slots seamlessly into their unique canon of ill fate and farce. Our hearts go out to Raheem. We pity poor Pep. We feel the pain of the fans, whose ear-splitting celebratory roar suddenly became a deafening silence, the nearest anyone’s got to recreating the eerie vibe of Brazil v Uruguay at the 1950 World Cup. The Etihadaço. It’s surreal. It’s unprecedented. It’s so very City – who for the record have consistently voted in favour of the implementation of VAR. Of course they have.While ghoulishly obsessing over the vanquished is the British way, we should also take a minute to congratulate Tottenham. Their superb performance over both legs has earned them a place in the semi-finals of Big Cup for the first time since 1962, when reigning champions Benfica knocked them out … but only after goals by Jimmy Greaves and Bobby Smith were disallowed for offside, Smith’s effort being chalked off despite two Portuguese defenders loitering on the line. So it’s fair to say the competition has owed them a little something. In return, City should take succour in the fact that, if what goes around continues to come around, they’ll get the benefit of a Big Cup break in 2076. They should also be pretty pleased that miracle-worker Mauricio Pochettino won’t be going to United in the summer. In that sense, it was a great night for City.LIVE ON BIG WEBSITEJoin Rob Smyth from 8pm BST for hot MBM coverage of Chelsea 3-0 Slavia Prague (agg: 4-0), while Scott Murray will be on hand for Napoli 2-0 Arsenal (agg: 2-2; Arsenal win 5-3 on penalties).QUOTE OF THE DAY“The SFA have acted, they’ve taken Alex out of the firing line but it’s up to somebody else to now come in and carry the can forward” – former striker Kris Boyd responds to Alex McLeish’s Scotland sacking with the novel concept of pre-emptive blame shouldering. Don’t all rush at once, guys. Facebook Ah, memories. Photograph: Russell Cheyne/Reuters Share on LinkedIn Pinterest Topics Twitter The Fiver Share via Email Pinterest Share on Twitter features Football Share on WhatsApp Twitter Share on Pinterest Share on Messenger Reuse this content Facebook Mauricio Pochettino: happy! Pep Guardiola: sad¡Perennial underdogs Manchester United have clawed their way to Women’s Super League promotion with just three games to spare after a 5-0 win over Aston Villa, who they beat 12-0 back in September.Somebody shoved a microphone in front of Jürgen Klopp after Liverpool’s win in Porto. “Now we are in the semi-final against Barcelona. I’m really happy about the fact we play them,” he said, fooling nobody.And for your bulging away-fans-going-to-similar-sounding-but-very-different-destinations scrapbook a Benfica fan has today wound up in Frankfurt (Oder) for his team’s Big Vase tie against Frankfurt (Main) around 600km away.STILL WANT MORE?How do you make sense of last night’s Big Cup mayhem in Manchester? Barney Ronay has a go here, dubbing it “mind-bending”. While floating-brain-in-a-jar Jonathan Wilson questions whether it’s fair to call Pep a Champions League choker.From Neymar-Mbappé to Fraser-Wilson, Martin Laurence muses on the best striking partnerships in Europe this season.Liverpool’s resilience stands them in good stead for their Big Cup semi-final, chimes Sid Lowe.Stuart James on Ajax’s “babies” making the big boys cry, and everyone else cheer.Oh, and if it’s your thing … you can follow Big Website on Big Social FaceSpace. And INSTACHAT, TOO!ENJOY YOUR EASTER WEEKEND. WE’LL BE BACK ON TUESDAY RECOMMENDED LISTENINGFootball Weekly Extra is here!FIVER LETTERS“Re: your Stone Roses comment, Ole will probably be Driving South (we already know he’s at the wheel) if that lot down the road end up in their Mersey Paradise in a few weeks’ time. And even if the whole thing does end in tears, he will always be remembered for putting a smile back on peoples’ faces after the club finally said Bye Bye Badman” – Tom Mann.“As someone who has had to increasingly cover UK political uncertainties (i.e. Brexit) for their economic forecasts, I could never understand why anyone, literally anyone, would want to go into politics … until I saw the Ecuadorian president defending a photograph of him on a hotel room bed eating lobster: ‘It was my birthday. I was watching soccer in bed. It was a great day.’ We should all aspire to be the president of Ecuador” – Noble Francis.“Given his devotion to food over football [yesterday’s quote of the day], Shay Given should pack in punditry and open a restaurant, ideally a French-influenced fine dining establishment. He could call it ‘Chez Given’” – Andy Korman.“So Blackeye Rovers have suffered their moniker for a whole 11 years?! Pshaw! Mere nicknamery whippersnappers! My team, so-called-but-actually-never-were-anyway Dirty Leeds, have had to put up with such slander for over 50 years” – Rob Heath.“As a man who was once a ballboy called a ‘c%#t’ by Paul D!ckov, I too believe they should keep their bully boy nickname. D!ckov at this point was Oldham manager, and I was a 16-year old ballboy for Southampton. My crime? Being the nearest thing to him when Saints scored” – emotionally scarred Jordan Florit.Send your letters to firstname.lastname@example.org. And you can always tweet The Fiver via @guardian_sport. Today’s winner of our prizeless letter o’the day is … Jordan Florit.NEWS, BITS AND BOBSOlivier Giroud wants to feel something more. “Next year, I will need to have a more important role to play in the team,” cried the Frenchman. “It is in Chelsea’s court, we are still waiting to find out whether the club will have the opportunity to buy players or not, so maybe it’s a bit confusing now.”Maverick manager Unai Emery – get this – has said Arsenal’s “first target is to win” their Europa League quarter-final second leg in Naples.
AUBURN, AL – SEPTEMBER 20: A general view from high in the stadium as the LSU Tigers take on the Auburn Tigers at Jordan-Hare Stadium on September 20, 2008 in Auburn, Alabama. (Photo by Doug Benc/Getty Images)Fresh off a standout bowl performance, Auburn wide receiver Darius Slayton is turning pro. He announced his decision today.Slayton will enter the 2019 NFL Draft. His final game as a Tiger was a three-catch, 160-yard, three touchdown performance in Auburn’s 63-14 bowl win over Purdue.Slayton revealed his decision on Instagram.“I would like to thank the Auburn Family for supporting me and my teammates over the last four years,” he wrote. “It has been a great experience, and I will forever be grateful to Auburn, Coach Malzahn and all of the coaches here for giving me the chance to play football at this outstanding University. I will carry the relationships and bonds that I have built with my teammates on with me for the rest of my life.”This season, Slayton hauled in 35 receptions for a team-leading 670 yards. His five touchdowns tied for the team lead.For his career, Slayton caught 79 passes for 1,605 yards and 11 touchdowns.Underclassmen have until January 14 to declare for the 2019 NFL Draft. Slayton is one of three AU players to enter the field, along with quarterback Jarrett Stidham and cornerback Jamel Dean.
zoom Experience gained from four years in the offshore wind support vessel market is paying off for CTruk as it prepares to deliver SC Falcon, the company’s latest OWSV and the second CTruk 20T MPC for Sima Charters of Holland.Sea trials for the striking blue and yellow-liveried cat, the first CTruk workboat with Volvo IPS propulsion, have produced some impressive statistics.With a 25 knot cruising speed and top speed of over 30 knots, SC Falcon has satisfied Sima Charters’ Taco Davids that she is more than up to the job. As an experienced offshore wind skipper he explained, “For me the most important features of these boats are stability, manoeuvrability and a clear line of sight for the skipper onto the turbine. Safety is paramount and CTruk keep that front-of-mind throughout the whole design and build process. SC Falcon performs well on all these points and she also sticks like glue to the turbine ladder! Even with 1.6m significant wave height we experienced no roll or heave once pushed on.”In addition to the safety features of CTruk’s designs, the fuel efficiency of the company’s composite vessels is renowned. During sea trials SC Falcon burned just 105 litres of fuel per hour at 20 knots. Sima Charters’ owner, Ruud Lievaart, said, “This vessel is a credit to CTruk. The fit-out is second-to-none and I’m really pleased with another on time and on budget build. As the first CTruk workboat with Volvo IPS propulsion she demonstrated great bollard pull during trials and with her low-weight composite construction the fuel economy is superb.”Ben Simpson, CTruk MD, commented, “We are delighted to have worked closely again with an experienced vessel operator like Ruud Lievaart”. He went on to explain how the company has grown, “CTruk now has a six-strong design team working closely with clients on all builds. We also have seven in-house electricians who consistently deliver high-standard, class-approved installations under the watchful eye of Mark Bellenie, who came to CTruk from the aviation industry. The team we’ve built here ensures that our company ethos, ‘safer, better, faster and more cost-effective’, permeates through all stages of design and build.”With another vessel delivered on time, it would seem that the company’s drive to innovate in this sector is paying off. To date, all CTruk’s 20T MPC customers have gone on to order a second.CTruk, February 4, 2014
zoom The final design of the offshore-onshore port system of Venice (VOOPS) was part of an international solicitation which involved engineering firms from Italy, as well as France, Spain, Holland, Belgium, Great Britain, China and the United States. An Italian-Chinese group of companies, the 4C3, comprising of companies 3Ti Progetti Italia and E-Ambiente, led by the 5th-ranking general contractor worldwide, China Communication Constructions Company Group (CCCG), passed the selection requirements of the solicitation and aimed at obtaining a high design standard.Once the last administrative procedures are finalized, the group, which will be awarded the contract worth over EUR 4 million (USD 4.4 million), will be in charge of developing the final design of the dam and the container bay of the offshore terminal, to be connected to the onshore terminal of Marghera in the Montesyndial area with the shipping system of Mama Vessels, as well as to perform monitoring activities and environmental surveys for 180 days.The VOOPS includes the offshore platform off the Malamocco district and the first container terminal which will be established in the Montesyndial area at Porto Marghera.
Hunters and trappers in Nova Scotia will save a total of $530,000 in renewal fees thanks to a deadline extension on wildlife resources cards. The province is giving cardholders at least three more years before a more modern certification system replaces the old card system. No matter what date is printed on a card it will remain valid until Dec. 31, 2015. “Government is saving hunters and trappers money and reducing government costs by ensuring that all wildlife resources cards in circulation will remain valid for another three years,” said Natural Resources Minister Charlie Parker. Wildlife resources cards are identification cards that show hunters and trappers are certified. About 80,000 cards are in circulation. Most were due to expire at the end of this year. “We are giving cardholders plenty of notice that they will not have to renew their cards next December,” said Mr. Parker. The Department of Natural Resources is considering options for a more modern licensing system to make certification simpler and more efficient for hunters and trappers and to reduce government costs. The extension on the validity of wildlife resources cards will allow more time to develop options for a new system. Hunters and trappers with wildlife resources cards should continue to keep their contact information up to date. Changes to phone numbers, email addresses, or civic or mailing addresses should be reported by visiting www.gov.ns.ca/natr, by calling toll free, 1-888-896-1207, or by contacting a local Department of Natural Resources office.
The million-dollar question that universities ask almost all PhD candidates is, “Why do you want to pursue a research career in biological sciences?” The answer almost always is, “For the betterment of science.” But is this really true? Stepping inside research laboratories and institutions, one can easily get the clear picture of this falsifiable statement. In many cases, scientific results are often skewed for favourable outcomes. The misconduct has far-reaching consequences and ultimately it is the patient who has to pay the price. The observation is certainly not to mitigate the importance of modern science, but many of the present-day maladies can be managed more easily if handled with honesty. Also Read – A special kind of bondScientific misconduct in research appears in three forms: falsification, fabrication and plagiarism. Falsification refers to the misrepresentation or omission of data, and manipulation of instruments, raw materials or research methods. For instance, certain data can be omitted from an experiment to support a particular claim or hypothesis. The research could claim a particular compound to be X when it is actually Y. The research hides the fact to enhance its statistical significance. Disregarding contradictory findings, it selectively showcases data to reach a more favourable outcome. Also Read – Insider threat managementFabrication refers to the inclusion of data based on experiments that were never run. Plagiarism occurs when ideas, methods or data of someone else is presented as one’s own. These transgressions of the research community appear innocent until they are inspected at the nano level, and may occur at any stage of the research—during a PhD study, a grant application or at the time of an ongoing project. A rational fear that researchers face is: publish or perish. Despite a stringent peer-review process that accompanies publishing and patenting, it does harbour limitations. It also indicates that until the reproducibility of research findings is carried out, the data in hand must be looked at with a grain of salt. Considering the difficulties in completing research work with the scientific community holding a stopwatch, time is a factor that needs to be appraised. Pilot projects, for instance, from years of PhD work, tend to be scaled up to translational projects through government funding, which comes from taxpayers’ money. This is done in the hope of generating a medical product that is significant for healthcare. Independent bodies must scrutinise such projects beforehand to ascertain the claims. Integrity needs to be maintained at the lowest level during research, which must be carried out by paying a great deal of attention to detail. The duty to ensure this lies with the principal investigator. Nevertheless, we are faced with the situation where power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Upon the act of misconduct, a cascade of events follows because false hopes are imprinted into this system. It is at this juncture where caring ceases. Living in a consumer-driven world indicates that if there is a viable and lucrative medical product, investors would lunge at the opportunity. These industries thrive on the weak and the sick—the soft targets. Scientific misconduct may not even be recognised because a product may show promising results in laboratory animals but fail in clinical trials. In times of scientific misconduct, a blame-it-on-the-victim scenario may emerge from the misrepresentation of data. Blatantly put, these violators of scientific research set up a product to fail even before the trial has started. This vicious cycle of abuse must be put to an end. Members of the scientific community must instil good and ethical practices, report suspicious claims and ensure moral policing. An independent investigative body, a non-profit partner, must supervise research activities to ensure that it is conducted accurately. There is a certain amount of trust that lies with the scientific community. These soldiers of science must take it upon themselves to understand the world the way others cannot. Those involved in the misconduct need to understand that although they may not have taken the Hippocratic Oath to serve patients, their research determines the standard of medicine that ultimately reaches the ailing. There is no room for unethical practices. The penalty for scientific misconduct must be harsher, supervision stricter and transparency better. Each consumer of the pharmaceutical industry has the right to know what goes on in laboratories because people are not mere objects to be tried and tested. DOWN TO EARTH (The author is a writer with an educational background in biomedical sciences. The views expressed are strictly personal)
In an exchange of letters with the President of the Security Council released today at UN Headquarters in New York, the Secretary-General says he intends to appoint Winston A. Tubman to succeed David Stephen, “who did excellent work in Somalia before taking up his new assignment in Guinea-Bissau recently.”Mr. Tubman previously served as a senior adviser to the chief of the UN Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM).
‘There are 850,000 people working in the UK motor industry and we are all concerned about the impact our industry has on the environment. We recognise that we are part of the problem and also the solution. This is why we have invested so heavily in research and development of new technologies that have helped us to create cleaner vehicles.’ Car parc up 25 per cent, carbon emissions flat Thought it was the Chancellor who was leading the push for lower emissions? The motor industry recognises that cleaner cars are key to reducing the world’s carbon dioxide emissions, and has been working hard to address this issue. That’s the message today from Christopher Macgowan, SMMT chief executive: The total amount of carbon emitted by cars in the UK in 2003 was the same as in 1993, despite a 25 per cent increase in the number of cars on the road. In 1993, there were 24 million cars on the road in the UK 1 emitting 19.8 million tonnes of carbon. In 2003 the number of cars had grown to 30 million, yet the total amount of carbon was the same2. More new cars in lower VED bands In 1997, 77 per cent of new cars would have been in the top three vehicle excise duty bands: vehicles emitting more than 166 g/km of CO2. In just eight years, that figure has nearly halved to 41 per cent. In the lowest three bands, there are now four and a half times more new cars: 34.1 per cent, up from 7.8 per cent in 1997. Notes to editors: 1. Motor Industry of Great Britain 2005, SMMT 2. DfT Transport Statistics Great Britain 2005: Carbon dioxide emissions in the United Kingdom: 1993-2003 Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)
Petro-Canada Lubricants, a Suncor business, has announced the launch of its The Tougher. The Better. campaign, which reveals its PC-11 branding in advance of the introduction of two new categories of heavy duty engine oils in December. The Tougher. The Better. aims to encapsulate Petro Canada Lubricants’ vision for the next generation of heavy duty engine oils that will deliver durability and strength in any application.“Durability, strength and efficiency. These are the defining features of Petro-Canada Lubricants and how we position our PC-11 offer under The Tougher. The Better.,” commented Howard McIntyre, Vice President, Lubricants, Suncor. “We are scheduled to imminently reveal our PC-11-ready product line, which we believe is set to be the world’s toughest range of heavy duty engine oils. The Tougher. The Better. offers a clear statement of intent to our customers to show we’re PC-11-ready and committed to the changes ahead.“The announcement of The Tougher. The Better. follows Petro-Canada Lubricants’ PC-11 educative website, herecomespc11.com, which will continue to offer guidance to the industry in their decision making processes ahead of the introduction of PC-11 heavy duty engine oils. “The PC-11 specification will require heavy duty engine oils to offer enhanced oxidation control, aeration control and shear stability which will all contribute to delivering increased fuel economy, emissions reduction and engine protection. The Tougher. The Better. campaign represents Petro-Canada Lubricants’ expertise in addressing these demands.”
Mitchell Services has won a contract extension from Anglo American that will see it continue underground coal drilling and gas drainage services at the miner’s Grosvenor and Moranbah North coal mines, in Queensland, Australia.The variation to the ASX-listed company’s Underground In-Seam (UIS) drilling contract with Anglo American will see Mitchell provide up to six UIS rigs and provide specialist underground services at the sites.It also resulted in the extension of the contract expiry date to December 31, 2021 with a further two-year extension option available.Mitchell said: “Whilst the company anticipates a significant long term revenue and EBITDA benefit as a result of this extension and scope increase, the company notes that, given the timing of the variation, the expected start date of the additional rigs and the anticipated level of associated ramp up, the variation is not likely to have a material impact on the recently provided financial year 2019 revenue and EBITDA guidance numbers of A$110-$120 million ($77-84 million) and A$21-$23 million, respectively.”
AN IT SUPPORT company has expressed concern about the misuse of the Garda Síochana logo in online fraud in Ireland.Smarttech said today that, over the past year, it has become aware of a “surge” in the number of reports of computer-based scams involving the use of the garda logo in an attempt to extract money from people.The type of cyber fraud being reported is known as ‘ransomware’ which originated in eastern Europe in 2005. The most prevalent example of this is where victim’s software is infected with the ‘ransomware’ and presented with the logo of An Garda Síochána. The message underneath the logo tells the user ‘Your computer has been locked!’ and claims that a fine needs to be paid to avoid legal action.These threats were highlighted by gardaí in 2012 but Smarttech has now called on them to create a social media campaign informing people of this scam.“A social media campaign by the gardaí could go a long way in decreasing the number of attacks taking place,” Ronan Murphy, CEO of the company said. “When people are informed and aware they are much less likely to get taken in.”In response to a query from TheJournal.ie, gardaí said that there is “extensive advice” on their website on this issue and anyone who has been a victim of such crime should report it to their local garda station.Murphy advised that anyone facing one of these ‘ransomware’ attacks should not pay the fine and have their PC repaired by a reputable repair person.Read: As many as 300 people have lost money due to phishing email scams this year>Read: Cyber attacks lead to €64 million stolen from banks>
I don’t know is it a good thing or a bad thing that you know the road ahead of you, I just put the head down. There was never a time that I wanted to pack it in, if that thought crossed my mind I’d be wondering what I was doing there at all. It drove me on really, when I was down doing physio and the lads were out on the pitch.”Cork’s Colm O’Neill on his long road back from injury nightmare. The fixture list At Croke Park, there are a couple of fourth-round football qualifiers down for decision. Meath take on Armagh at 5pm while that’s followed by Kildare’s clash with Monaghan at 7pm. Meanwhile, at Markievicz Park at 3pm, there’s the MFC quarter-final between Donegal and Roscommon. Michael Conlan and Michaela Walsh could claim gold medals at the Commonwealth Games. Walsh is first up in her Women’s fly decider against England’s Nicola Adams while Conlan will also be up against a home favourite in his bantamweight bout with Qais Ashfaq. Walsh is in the ring at 2pm while Conlan is in action at 3.45.Day Six of the Galway Races takes place.There’s some League of Ireland First Division action with Cobh Ramblers taking on Waterford United.And the pick of the pre-season friendlies sees Manchester United take on Real Madrid in front of 109,000 fans in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Kick-off is 9pm GMT. Showbiz, baby!‘Arry was at Carton House. And he loved it. He was scribbling away his daily transfer news for us in between the questions. Source: ©INPHO/Donall Farmer“I keep on mixing up Lynne Cantwell and Joanne Cantwell.” 9 footballers we’ll miss not seeing in action for the rest of the GAA seasonIn pics: Ireland Women claim hard-fought win over USA Updated at 21.03NEED TO CATCH up? TheScore.ie brings you a round-up of today’s sports news… The Ireland and USA teams take to the pitch for their Women’s Rugby World Cup clash. Source: ©Dan Sheridan/INPHO HomeThe Ireland Women’s rugby side, inspired by an eighteen-point haul from Niamh Briggs, got their World Cup off to the perfect start with a 23-17 victory over the USA in Paris. Next up is a relatively easy assignment: New Zealand.There was more success for Team NI at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow as both Michael Conlan and Michaela Walsh secured at least a silver medal after their respective boxing bouts. Paddy Barnes has done likewise after he won his 49kg semi-final.A proposed Irish Rail strike will cause havoc for those wishing to travel to the All-Ireland football semi-final on 24th August while there’s a further threat of a temporary suspension of services on the first and third Sundays in September – the date of the All-Ireland hurling and football deciders. Source: ©INPHO/Donall FarmerThe now ex-Republic of Ireland international Richard Dunne has revealed that he spoke to Robbie Keane before announcing his international retirement.Kilkenny boss Brian Cody has hit out at the criticisms leveled at the Dublin hurlers in the aftermath of their defeat to Tipperary.Rory Best has been named as Ulster’s new captain. The 30 year-old hooker previously wore the captain’s armband between 2007 and 2011 before stepping down as skipper. Source: ©INPHO/Presseye/William CherryFollowing the ugly scenes that marred Wednesday’s Milk Cup game between Northern Ireland and Mexico, four players have been slapped with suspensions.Popstar in-waiting Shane O’Donnell has more time to concentrate on his pop career now after it was revealed that he broke his hand during Clare’s recent win over Cork. He faces four weeks on the sidelines. AwayArsenal boss Arsene Wenger admitted that Thomas Vermaelen could be on his way out of the Emirates with Manchester United lying in wait to secure his signature.We won’t be seeing Dustin Johnson for a while. The eight-time PGA winner announced that he’s taking a leave of absence from golf with immediate effect to seek professional help for ‘personal challenges’. Late this evening though, reports suggested his time-out was actually enforced due to cocaine use. Dustin Johnson is stepping away from gold for the forseeable future to deal with some ‘personal challenges’. Source: Paul Chiasson/The Canadian Press/Press Association ImagesEveryone’s chipping in to offer their take on Louis van Gaal with Gerard Pique the latest. Apparently, aul’ Louis wasn’t very nice to the Barcelona defender when he was a child.Tiger is still chasing Jack Nicklaus’ record but Rory’s not – he’s just concentrating on winning his fourth major.Michael Cheika’s Waratahs face into an incredibly unkind history when they take on Canterbury Crusaders in this weekend’s Super 15 final but the ex-Leinster coach is satying positive. The best thing we sharedThis goal from Leicester City’s David Nugent is all kinds of right. Get in! On the record
Looking for a sweet deal on a tablet? Amazon’s decided to post a promo code that knocks an extra $50 off the already-cheap 8.9-inch Kindle Fire HD. Even at regular price the Kindle Fire HD 8.9 is substantially less expensive than the new iPad, and it’s $100 less than Apple’s last-gen model and the brand-new Google Nexus 10. As long as you’re OK with special offers, today’s deal will get you a tablet with an 8.9-inch 1920 x 1200 display, a dual-core TI OMAP 4470 processor clocked at 1.5GHz, 16GB of storage, and powerful dual-antenna 802.11 a/b/g/n Wi-Fi connectivity for just $249.Not so keen on Amazon‘s suggestive screensavers and banners on your lock screen? It’s just $15 to remove them forever.If you’ve been pondering picking up a tablet for the kids, now may be the perfect time. Just days ago, Amazon introduced the new $4.99 FreeTime Unlimited subscription which provides access to all the PBS, Disney, Marvel, Nickelodeon (and many more) movies, ebooks, apps, and games. Up to 6 kids can get in on the fun for $9.99 a month, and Amazon Prime subscribers get an even better deal. It’s just $2.99 for a single or $6.99 for a half dozen. And while you won’t find a service like FreeTime Unlimited on the iPad or Nexus tablets, you also won’t even find it on Amazon’s own original Kindle Fire. It’s only compatible with this year’s models.The $50 discount is pretty tempting, especially since it frees up a few extra bucks that you can spend on other stuff at Amazon… say a few heavily-discounted Blu-ray movies for the upcoming office gift exchange. But don’t hang around, the $50 off is only good until they run out of allotted tablet stocks.More at Amazon on Twitter
Image: Shutterstock/GNT STUDIO AN INITIATIVE WHERE trainee solicitors teach prisoners about the law has been extended to more prisons across the country by the Law Society of Ireland.As part of the scheme, trainee solicitors teach prisoners about different aspects of the law in Mountjoy, Dóchas Women’s Prison and The Pathways Centre. It was extended to Wheatfield and Arbour Hill in 2018. The hour-long classes take place once a week over the course of four to six weeks. Sarah McNulty, a trainee solicitor with Cantillons Solicitors who taught in Mountjoy and Dóchas from October 2018 to January 2019, said that it changed her perception of prisoners.“For that one hour, we were all just human beings,” McNulty told TheJournal.ie. “It was great to be stimulating the prisoners’ minds in a much more progressive way than locking them in a cell for 23 hours a day.”McNulty and another trainee solicitor Ellen Reid worked to raise prisoners’ awareness and understanding of areas such as human rights, employment law, refugee rights and discrimination.The trainees do not give out free legal advice or discuss individual cases. The classes focus on teaching and discussing legal rights and the responsibilities arising from those rights.The programme is part of a wider education scheme called Street Law which began in secondary schools and was extended to prisons in 2017. Over 40 trainee solicitors take part in the overall programme each year and a few are selected to teach in prisons.Dr Freda Grealy started the Street Law programme in 2013 after observing the scheme at Georgetown University in the US.“It is giving the prisoners something positive to do as well as encouraging them to think about freedom of speech and human rights,” said Grealy.“It is something that can help their confidence and self-esteem of the prisoners. They can engage and have opinions. It is not just someone banging on about the law for an hour, there are lesson plans in place.”Between 15 and 20 prisoners attended each lesson with Reid and McNulty. They said the weekly attendance was often affected by external factors such as behaviour and not being allowed to attend by the guards, but they frequently saw the same faces return week after week. Prisoners expressed honesty during the class discussions about issues such as the right to die.“One prisoner opened up about the fact that his mother had been on life support, which none of the other prisoners had known about,” said McNulty.Ellen Reid said that there were no prison officers nearby during their time teaching but they never encountered any problems with the prisoners.“It has been one of the best things I have done in the law,” Reid told TheJournal.ie. “Going in as a lawyer, you only get to see the waiting and meeting areas, but we were brought through the thick of it which was very eye-opening,” said Reid.She emphasised the lack of resources in the prisons and the damage this causes to prisoners at the time and in the future.“Mental health is so important for everyone but especially in prisons, everything is so heightened,” Reid said.“There is the ability to change and there is some sort of power in education especially in the younger prisoners.“We are not preparing them for anything positive when they leave within the current situation.” Short URL Share218 Tweet Email6 Saturday 23 Feb 2019, 9:30 AM By Orla Dwyer Image: Shutterstock/GNT STUDIO 28 Comments 15,587 Views Feb 23rd 2019, 9:31 AM https://jrnl.ie/4508137 Trainee solicitors are going into prisons to teach prisoners about the law “It is not just someone banging on about the law for an hour, there are lesson plans in place.” Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article
A FRENCH MUSLIM group said it was suing Facebook and YouTube for allowing a live broadcast of the massacre at a New Zealand mosque, reviving the debate over how social media amplifies such attacks.The French Council of the Muslim Faith (CFCM) was taking the legal action against the French branches of the two tech giants for “broadcasting a message with violent content abetting terrorism, or of a nature likely to seriously violate human dignity and liable to be seen by a minor,” according to the complaint filed with prosecutors, a copy of which was seen by AFP.In France, such acts can be punished by three years’ imprisonment and a fine of €75,000.A white supremacist who killed 50 people in attacks on two mosques in Christchurch on 15 March, live-streamed one of the attacks on Facebook, from where it was uploaded to other video sites, including YouTube.Facebook France told AFP by e-mail that it would study the suit, adding that “acts of terror and hatred speech have no place on Facebook, and our thoughts go out to the victim’s families and the entire community affected by this tragedy.“We have taken many measures to make this video disappear from our platform, we are cooperating with authorities and our teams remain totally mobilised,” it added. New Zealand Ambassador to France Jane Coombs, left, shakes hand with Paris Mosque rector Dalil Boubakeur, during a ceremony in tribute to the victims killed. Source: AP/PA Images17 minutesThe livestream lasting 17 minutes was shared extensively on a variety of internet platforms and uploaded again nearly as fast as it could be taken down.The CFCM, which represents several million Muslims in France, said it took Facebook 29 minutes from the start of the live broadcast to take the video down.Facebook said it acted “quickly” to clamp down on the offensive images, and that it removed 1.5 million videos of the shooting in the first 24 hours after it happened, with much of this blocked by software at the moment of upload.Major internet platforms have pledged to crack down on the sharing of violent images and other inappropriate content through automated systems and human monitoring, but critics say this was not working.Internet platforms have cooperated to develop technology that filters child pornography, but have found it much more difficult to join forces to block violent content.“AI systems are based on ‘training data’, which means you need many thousands of examples of content in order to train a system that can detect certain types of text, imagery or video,” Guy Rose, vice-president of Facebook said last week.“This approach has worked very well for areas such as nudity, terrorist propaganda and also graphic violence where there is a large number of examples we can use to train our systems.“However, this particular video did not trigger our automatic detection systems. To achieve that we will need to provide our systems with large volumes of data of this specific kind of content, something which is difficult as these events are thankfully rare,” Rosen said.‘Going viral’“This was a tragedy that was almost designed for the purpose of going viral,” Neal Mohan, YouTube’s chief product officer told the Washington Post.“We’ve made progress, but that doesn’t mean we don’t have a lot of work ahead of us, and this incident has shown that, especially in the case of more viral videos like this one, there’s more work to be done,” he added.In New Zealand, where Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has called for a global response to the dangers of social media, a 44-year-old man has been charged with sharing the livestream video shot by the accused gunman, 28-year-old Australian Brenton Tarrant, during his killing spree.In the United States, a congressional panel last week called on top executives from Facebook and YouTube, as well as Microsoft and Twitter, to explain the online proliferation of the video.The House Committee on Homeland Security said it was “critically important” to filter the kind of violent images seen in the video.- © AFP, 2019 Students light candles to mourn victims during a mourning ceremony near the attack site in Christchurch. Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article Mar 25th 2019, 8:05 PM French Muslim group sues Facebook and YouTube over New Zealand shooting video Facebook France told AFP by e-mail that it would study the suit, adding that “acts of terror and hatred speech have no place on Facebook”. 17,002 Views Share9 Tweet Email1 Monday 25 Mar 2019, 8:05 PM By AFP Students light candles to mourn victims during a mourning ceremony near the attack site in Christchurch. Short URL https://jrnl.ie/4560731 58 Comments